Past Perfect

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Past Perfect by Mind Map: Past Perfect

1. Past Perfect Continuous

2. Past Perfect Simple

3. When we came to the cinema, the film HAD already STARTED

4. We HAD BEEN PREPARING for the test before the teacher came

5. something happened before another event in the past

6. finished

7. something happened before another event in the past

8. not finished / stopped just before another event

9. ever / never / just / already

10. 9.40: I heard the news about a hurricane on TV. 9.45: My friend called. When my friend called, I HAD already HEARD the news.