single use plastic

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single use plastic by Mind Map: single use plastic

1. define : use and throw

2. effects

2.1. soil &ground water contamination

2.2. microplastics

2.3. food chain

2.4. biodegradable

3. india

3.1. 26k plastic waste daily

3.2. 40 % is uncollected

3.3. 60k million tonnes solid waste annually

4. problem with govt policy

4.1. non convergence among the plastic waste management rules

4.1.1. pwm - collection of use plastic

4.1.2. swm - financial assistance to local authorities

4.2. definition of single use plastic by states

4.2.1. odisha- plastic wate botlle , decorative itmes, poythne bag - 200 mm thickness

4.2.2. up- plastic water bottles , decorative items - 200 mm thickness excluded

4.3. stakeholders

4.3.1. consumer - apathy

4.3.2. industry - no company show leadership

4.3.3. govt : only rules no proper implementation

4.4. problems with EPR

4.4.1. covers only formal sector

4.4.2. PRO : data fudging , double counting

5. way forward

5.1. recycling & bans

5.1.1. ban : multi layered plastic

5.1.2. segregation of waste at source

5.1.3. Multi layered plastic

5.1.3.1. incinerate in cement plants

5.1.3.2. refuse derived fuel - use in road construction & making down cycled products

5.2. alternatives

5.2.1. govt provide incentives

5.3. global practices

5.3.1. sweden - burns most of it

5.3.2. us - ship the waste to developing countries

5.4. e commerce plastic

5.4.1. use single polymer for packaging

5.4.2. reduce the weight of packaging