Diagram depicting typology of sustainable architecture proposed by Simon Guy and Graham Farmer in: Guy, Simon, and Graham Farmer. “Reinterpreting Sustainable Architecture: The Place of Technology.” Journal of Architectural Education (1984-) 54.3 (2001): 140-148. Print. Logic: "a specific ensemble of ideas, concepts and categorisations tat are produced, reproduced and transformed in a particular set of practices through which meaning is given to social and physical realities." Marteen Hajer. The Politics of Environmental Discourse, Oxford:Oxford University Press, 1995. P. 44
Norman Foster: City Hall, London, England
Architecture of: Norman Foster, Richard Rogers, Nicholas Grimshaw, Michael Hopkins, Renzo Piano, Thomas Herzog, Ken Yeang
Case Study: Genzyme Center
Case Study: NASA Sustainability Base
Universal, global environmental problems: Climate change Global warming Ozone layer depletion Transnational polution
Possible elements and systems: Double-skin walls and roofs New types of glass Passive solar design Intelligent facades Photovoltaics Energy-efficient lighting Water saving devices and technologies Use of natural and mixed-mode ventilation Floor air delivery Sophisticated energy management systems, etc
Sim Van der Ryn: Real Goods Solar Living Center, Hopland, Ca
Biomimcry - Janine Benyus Some aspects of Biophilic Design Sim Van der Ryn: Ecological Design Michael Reynolds: Earthships Living Building Challenge
Case Study: Reynolds
Living Building Institute
Ecosystem: self-supporting and self-regulating community of interdependet living and nonliving parts functioning together with one imput necessary: energy To reduce "ecological footprint": Small scale Low and intermediate technologies Reducing dependency on centralized infrastructure services of water, energy and waste - "off-grid" renewable, natural materials
Frank Gehry, Santiago Calatrava, Randall Stout Arata Isosaki, SITE
Case Study: Stout
Case Study: Calatrava
Metaporical role of sustainable architecture. Interest in new technologies merged with ecological models to achieve new aesthetic that utilze organic forms Connection with Biophilic Design: organic shapes and forms, light and space
Baubiologie - home as a living organism; healing envrionments, Christopher Day Peter Schmid Floyd Stein
Natural ventilation, Daylight, Views, Non-toxic materials and finishes Natural and tactile materials Traditional building menthods, Use of color to promote health.
Paolo Soleri, Arcosanti
Alternative communities: Paolo Soleri & Arcology Habitat for Humanity...
Case Studies: Small Scale Big Change
Case study: Arcology
"the more hierarchical and oppressive the nature of society, the more likely that it will abuse and dominate the environment" Guy & Farmer (2001) p.145
Smaller, highly self-sufficient and communal units Flexible buildings that use renewable, recycled, and/or local materials.
Frank L. Wright, New Urbanism, Glen Murcutt in Australia Charles Correa in India Hassan Fathy in Egypt,,,
Case Study: Morphogenesis
Case Study: Hassan Fathy
Relates to place-based or vernacular connection - elements of biophilic design. Takes inspiration from indigenous and vernacular.
Being indigenous to a place Responsibility for protecting landscape and ecosystems Small scale Cultural context Traditional, vernacular construction techniques Traditional, vernacular building typologies Local materials