Scientific Writing

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Scientific Writing by Mind Map: Scientific Writing

1. Intransitive verbscan’t use passive

2. It lets the facts stand on their own

3. Presents an ‘air’ (or feeling) of logic

4. Tenses and concordance

4.1. Tenses

4.1.1. Past

4.1.1.1. Used mainly in the Methodology and Results sections

4.1.2. Present

4.1.2.1. Accepted facts, results discussions and conclusions

4.1.3. Future

4.1.3.1. Used to describe things that may happen in the future

4.2. Concordance

4.2.1. Subject and verb concordance

4.2.1.1. Number

5. The article and the noun and adjectivation

5.1. Singular/Plural

5.2. Definite/Indefinite

5.3. Countable/Uncountable

5.4. Proper nouns

5.5. Adjectivation

6. English passives and actives

6.1. Forming the passive

6.1.1. BE + PAST PARTICIPLE

6.2. Using the passive

6.2.1. Use the passive when the subject is acted upon

6.2.2. Use the active voicewhen the subject is the actor

6.3. Why passive voice?

6.3.1. Removes some accusations of bia

7. Connectors

7.1. Coordination: coordinating conjunctions join terms that are equals (e.g. and, or, but, for, nor, so, yet)

7.2. Subordination: subordinating conjunctions show inequality or a relationship of dependence or limitation (e.g. if, as, when, because)

8. Spelling conventions and accuracy

8.1. Check misspelling

8.2. Stick to English or American English, do not use both

8.3. use the given spelling rules

8.4. No contractions

8.5. Define abbreviations the first time they appear. Then use the abbreviation