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RESOURCES by Mind Map: RESOURCES

1. EXPLORATION

1.1. Finding a Deposit

1.1.1. - Determining a Deposit

1.1.2. - Measuring Magnetism

1.1.3. - Variations in Magnetic Field

1.1.4. - Satellite Photography

1.1.5. - Geologic Mapping

1.2. Establishing a Mine

1.3. Mining

1.3.1. Surface Mining

1.3.1.1. - Open-pit

1.3.1.2. - Mountain top

1.3.1.3. - Strip

1.3.2. Underground Mining

1.3.2.1. - In-situ Leaching

1.3.2.2. - Heap Leaching

1.3.2.3. - Brine

2. MILLING

2.1. - Heavy-media Separation

2.2. - Magnetic Separation

2.3. - Flotation

2.4. - Cyanide Heap Leaching

3. IRRESPONSIBLE MINING

3.1. Environmental Impacts

3.1.1. - Soil Erosion

3.1.2. - Sinkholes

3.1.3. - Biodiversity Loss

3.1.4. - CONTAMINATION OF:

3.1.4.1. SOIL

3.1.4.2. WATER

3.2. Counter-measures for its Harmful Effects

3.2.1. - Topsoil replacement using uncontaminated soil

3.2.2. - Flora and Fauna

3.2.3. - Acidic Water Neutralization

3.2.4. - Backfilling and Sealing of abandoned underground mines

3.2.5. - Stabilizing of slope on the impacted area

3.3. Organizations and Environmental Laws

3.3.1. Orgs.

3.3.1.1. Mines and Geosciences Bureau

3.3.1.2. Environmental Management Bureau

3.3.1.3. Philippine Mine Safety and Environmental Association (PMSEA)

3.3.2. Law

3.3.2.1. Republic Act 7942

4. ENERGY