COMPARATIVES

MENTAL MAPS OF COMPARATIVES

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COMPARATIVES by Mind Map: COMPARATIVES

1. The comparative is used to make comparisons between two things. The comparative in English has two forms, one for long adjectives and one for short adjectives. Long adjectives (with 2 syllables or more) use the word more to make the comparison: more + adjective + than

1.1. EXAMPLE: I think Katherine is more beautiful than Sylvia. (beautiful – more beautiful)

1.2. Japanese is more difficult than Spanish. (difficult – more difficult)

1.3. Living in New York is more expensive than living in Phoenix. (expensive – more expensive)

2. Adjetivos cortos (de 1 sílaba, o 2 si la palabra termina en una consonante + y) ponen el sufijo -er. adj + el sufijo -er + than

2.1. I’m happier today than I was yesterday. (happy – happier)

2.2. Bob is taller than Jim. (tall – taller)

2.3. Oslo is smaller than Berlin. (small – smaller)

3. Irregular comparisons in English: There are irregular comparisons, which do not follow the same rules in their formation

3.1. FOR EXAMPLE: good, better than

3.2. bad, worse than

3.3. far, further than