Vygotsky’s theory

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Vygotsky’s theory by Mind Map: Vygotsky’s theory

1. Social collaboration is key to development.

2. refers to facilitating cognitive development

3. Zone of proximal development

3.1. the concept of zone of proximal development underscores vygotskys conviction that social influences, particularly getting instructions from someone, are of immense importance on the cognitive development of children

3.2. when children are given instructions, they organize the new information received in their existing mental schemas. they use this information as guides on how to perform these tasks and eventually learn to perform independently.

3.3. Example

3.3.1. A five year old child knows how to ride a tricycle. however she cannot ride a bicycle without her grandfather holding onto her bike. With her grandfather's help, she learns how to balance her bike. the child is in the zone of proximal development for riding a bike.

4. Scaffolding

4.1. 3 ways

4.1.1. Giving hints

4.1.2. Range of answers

4.1.3. Using of resources

4.2. the teacher enhances good behaviour through praise, prompting through questions, modeling such as providing actions or demonstrations for them to imitate

5. More knowledgeable other

5.1. A person with a better understanding and considerably higher or superior level of ability, skill or knowledge about a particular subject, task or process, than the person who is attempting to learn (also called the learner).

5.2. Example of MKO

5.2.1. Shaffer (1996) gives the example of a young girl who is given her first jigsaw. Alone, she performs poorly in attempting to solve the puzzle. The father then sits with her and describes or demonstrates some basic strategies, such as finding all the corner/edge pieces and provides a couple of pieces for the child to put together herself and offers encouragement when she does so.

6. Introduction

6.1. Vygotsky's theories stress the fundamental role of social interaction in the development of cognition (Vygotsky, 1978), as he believed strongly that community plays a central role in the process of "making meaning."

6.2. Children are social creatures according to Vygotsky hence they grow mentally via interactions.

6.3. Congnitive development is based on the influence of society on minds.

6.4. Congnitive development is based on the influence of society on minds.