Irritant Contact Dermatitis

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Irritant Contact Dermatitis by Mind Map: Irritant Contact Dermatitis

1. Epidemiology

1.1. Occupational Hazard

1.2. Prevalence

1.3. Environmental factors

1.3.1. Skin susceptibility (eg. thick, thin, oily, dry, very fair, previously damaged skin or pre-existing atopic tendency)

2. Pathophysiology

2.1. Skin Barrier Disruption

2.2. Epidural Cellular Changes

2.3. Cytokin Release hones naïve T-lymphocytes to the skin

3. Risk Factors

3.1. Occupational Hazard of workers who handle irritants

3.1.1. Textile workers

3.1.2. Nurses

3.1.3. Printers

3.1.4. Agricultural workers

3.1.5. Mechanics

3.1.6. Artists

3.1.7. Cleaners

3.1.8. Construction workers

4. Clinical Presentation

4.1. Redness

4.2. Cracking of skin

4.3. Dryness

4.4. inflamed

4.5. thickened

5. Diagnosis

5.1. Patch Test

6. Adaptive Responses to alterations

6.1. Hardening or accommodation has been defined as the adaptation of the skin from altered local expression of multiple cytokines and inflammatory mediators with repeated irritation from skin irritants.

7. Etiology

7.1. Common cutaneous irritants

7.1.1. Solvents

7.1.2. Mechanical Irritants

8. Complications

8.1. Infection

9. Prognosis

9.1. Good if there are no secondary complications