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Freud by Mind Map: Freud

1. Psychodynamic Theory

1.1. Definition: psychological forces such as wishes, fears and intentions determine behaviour

1.1.1. assess personality using life history and projective methods,

1.1.1.1. Rorschach inkblot test

1.1.1.2. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT),

1.2. Topographic model:

1.2.1. The Mind

1.2.2. The conscious, unconscious & preconcious

1.3. Drive/instinct model

1.3.1. sex (libido) and aggression as the basic human motives

1.4. Development Model

1.4.1. psychosexual stages

1.4.1.1. oral

1.4.1.1.1. 0-18 months

1.4.1.1.2. Concerns: Dependency

1.4.1.2. anal

1.4.1.2.1. 2-3 years

1.4.1.2.2. Concerns: orderliness, cleanliness, control, compliance

1.4.1.3. phallic

1.4.1.3.1. 4-6 years

1.4.1.3.2. Concerns: identification with parents, Oedipus Complex, establishment of conscience

1.4.1.4. latency

1.4.1.4.1. 7-11 years

1.4.1.4.2. Concerns sublimation of sexual & aggressive impulses

1.4.1.5. genital

1.4.1.5.1. 12+ Mature Sexuality & Relationships

1.5. structural model

1.5.1. id

1.5.1.1. the reservoir of sexual and aggressive energy),

1.5.2. ego

1.5.2.1. the rational part of the mind that must somehow balance desire, reality and morality

1.5.3. superego

1.5.3.1. conscious

1.5.4. Defence Mechanisms

1.5.4.1. depression

1.5.4.2. denial

1.5.4.2.1. Def: Pperson refuses to acknowledge external realities or emotions

1.5.4.2.2. Ex: A relationship is not working but when the partner asks if anything is wrong, responds no I am fine.

1.5.4.3. Projection

1.5.4.3.1. Def: person attributes his or her own unacknowledged feelings or impulses to others

1.5.4.3.2. Ex: person does not recognise his own greed and lack of concern for others, instead he sees these traits in others.

1.5.4.4. reaction formation

1.5.4.4.1. in which a person turns feeling or impulses into their opposites

1.5.4.5. sublimation

1.5.4.5.1. Def: involves converting sexual or aggressive impulses into socially acceptable activities

1.5.4.5.2. Ex: When angry going boxing

1.5.4.6. rationalisation

1.5.4.6.1. Def: in which a person turns feeling or impulses into their opposites

1.5.4.6.2. Ex: student plagiarises her essay paper and justifies her actions by saying that passing the course will help her to earn her public policy degree & serve the community,

1.5.4.7. displacement

1.5.4.7.1. Def: people directing their emotions, especially anger, away from the real target to a substitute.