Asian Instruments

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Asian Instruments by Mind Map: Asian Instruments

1. Zither

1.1. China

1.1.1. Qin - plucked seven-stringed zither

1.1.2. Yangqin - hammered dulcimer (a type of zither)

1.2. Japan

1.2.1. Koto - plucked thirteen-stringed zither

1.3. Mongolia

1.3.1. Yatga - plucked seven-stringed zither

1.4. Indonesia

1.4.1. Siter + Celempung - plucked zither with between 11-13 strings

1.5. Vietnam

1.5.1. Đàn tranh - 17-stringed plucked zither

1.6. Korea

1.6.1. Komungo - six-stringed zither

2. Lute

2.1. China

2.1.1. Pipa - four-stringed lute

2.1.2. Sanxian - three-stringed lute

2.2. Japan

2.2.1. Shamisen - three-stringed lute

2.2.2. Biwa - short-necked fretted lute

2.3. Mongolia/Tuva

2.3.1. Chanzy - three-stringed lute

2.4. India

2.4.1. Sitar - seven-stringed plucked instrument, with 12 sympathetic strings

2.4.2. Sarod - fretless plucked string instrument

2.4.3. Tambura - fretless plucked string instrument (a drone)

2.5. Malaysia

2.5.1. Sapeh - plucked traditional lute

2.6. Thailand

2.6.1. Krachappi - plucked, fretted four-stringed lute

3. Membranophone/Metallophone

3.1. China

3.1.1. Gong / Tambourine / Low-pitched drum / Cymbals

3.2. Japan

3.2.1. Kakko - small double-headed drum

3.2.2. Taiko - large double-headed drum

3.2.3. Shoko - small suspended gong

3.3. Mongolia

3.3.1. Tam-tam - large gong

3.3.2. Tuur - frame drum

3.4. Indonesia

3.4.1. Kemong - smallest hanging gong

3.4.2. Kempli - small horizontally mounted gong

3.4.3. Reyong - row of 12 horizontally mounted gong chimes

3.4.4. Kendhang - two-headed drum

3.4.5. Ugal - largest two-octave metallophone

3.4.6. Jegogan - pair of largest one-octave metallophone

3.5. India

3.5.1. Tabla - pair of drums

3.5.2. Pakhwaj - long drum with a head at each end

3.5.3. Harmonium - reed organ operated by bellows + keyboard

3.5.4. Shruti box - electronic instrument played as a drone

3.6. Korea

3.6.1. Jing - low-pitched gong

3.7. Thailand

3.7.1. Taphon - two-headed drum

4. Strings

4.1. China

4.1.1. Erhu - two-stringed bowed instrument (fiddle)

4.2. Japan

4.2.1. Kokyu - three-stringed bowed instrument

4.3. Mongolia/Tuva

4.3.1. Igil - two-stringed bowed instrument

4.4. Indonesia

4.4.1. Rebab - two-stringed bowed instrument

4.5. India

4.5.1. Esraj - bowed stringed instrument

4.5.2. Sarangi - fretless three-stringed bowed instrument

4.6. Korea

4.6.1. Haegeum - two-stringed bowed instrument

5. Aerophone/Woodwind

5.1. China

5.1.1. Dizi - bamboo flute

5.1.2. Guan - double-reed instrument

5.1.3. Sheng - mouth-blown free reed instrument (like a small organ)

5.2. Japan

5.2.1. Shakuhachi - bamboo flute

5.2.2. Hichiriki - double-reed instrument

5.2.3. Sho - type of mouth organ

5.3. Mongolia

5.3.1. Tsuur - flute without a mouthpiece

5.3.2. Ever Buree - clarinet like instrument

5.4. Indonesia

5.4.1. Suling - bamboo flute

5.5. India

5.5.1. Bansuri - bamboo flute

5.6. Lao

5.6.1. Khene - mouth organ

5.7. Korea

5.7.1. Daegeum - bamboo flute

5.8. Lebanon

5.8.1. Ney - end-blown flute

5.9. Cambodia

5.9.1. Pei pok - bamboo flute