Community Psycology

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Community Psycology by Mind Map: Community Psycology

1. Community development

2. Is a sub-discipline of phycology

2.1. The specific historical and social context of USA in 1960 played an important role

2.1.1. a) The growth of mental health services

2.1.1.1. veterans of the WWII

2.1.1.1.1. Program of Community Mental Health Center

2.1.2. b) the rapid expansion of clinical psycology

2.1.2.1. The National Institute of Mental Health established at the end of WWII

2.1.3. c) the social-political context

2.1.3.1. social reform - social movements(Vietnam War, LGB)

2.1.3.2. Progressive era: Levine and Levine 1992

2.2. 1987 the Society for Community Research and Action or SCRA education in CP (more than 75 graduate programs)

3. Julian Rapport

3.1. in 1997 said that even though it was difficult to define CP, argued that CP is concerned with human resource development, political activity and scientific inquiry

3.2. CP is a balancing act between values, research and action.

4. Dalton, Elías and Wandersman

4.1. Said that Community psychology concerns the relationships of the individual to communities and society.

5. Kagan and Burton

5.1. Proposed that Community psychology offers a framework for working with the marginalised by the society

6. Levels of Analysis

6.1. Ecological (micro, macro and meso)

7. Problem definition

7.1. Reframed in terms of social context and cultural diversity

8. Focus of intervention

8.1. Competences/strengths

9. Timing of intervention

9.1. Prevention

10. Goals of intervention

10.1. Promotion of competences and wellness

11. Types of intervention

11.1. Self help

11.2. Social action

12. Role of client

12.1. Active participant who exercises choice and self-direction

13. Role of professional

13.1. Resource collaborator (scholar- activist)

14. Types of research

14.1. Participatory action research based on alternative assumptions

15. Ethics

15.1. Emphasis on social ethics, emancipatory values and social change

16. Interdisciplinary ties

16.1. Law

16.2. Social work

16.3. Political science

16.4. Planning

16.5. Geography

17. Why United States?

17.1. The gab between the mental health problems and lack of resources

17.2. Dissatisfaction with the medical model of mental health.

17.3. Recognition of the importance of the social environment

18. Community Psychology around the world

18.1. Has been more organized in English-speaking countries in the so called "developed world"

18.1.1. Canada

18.1.1.1. University of Toronto with Professor Bott at Psychology Department

18.1.1.2. Despite Psychology Department was stablished before the war

18.1.1.3. It was not until after the war that a community psychology orientation became clearly evident through the leadership of William Line

18.1.1.4. But was formed until 1982

18.1.2. Australia and New Zealand

18.1.2.1. Has roots in mental helath

18.1.2.2. As in Canada, was formal until earlys 1980's

18.1.2.3. Community Psychology has a prominent profile in Australia, particularly in Victoria and western Australia

18.1.3. United Kingdom

18.1.3.1. Has roots in clinical psychology, mental health and applied social psychology

18.1.4. South Africa

18.1.4.1. Oppression, colonization and segregation of the black race

18.1.4.2. Radical politics

18.1.5. Continental Europe

18.1.5.1. Germany, Italy, Greece, Norway, Poland, Portugal and Spain

18.1.5.1.1. European Network of Community psychology 1996

18.1.5.1.2. Italy

18.1.5.2. More emphasis on the collective

18.1.5.3. Northern and Western countries strong social politics

18.1.5.4. More emphases in the theory

18.1.6. Latin America

18.1.6.1. sociology an critical theory

18.1.6.2. unique influences and emphases

18.1.6.3. Community and social psychology are much more strongly linked in Latin America than North America