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Language Development: Theoretical Perspectives by Mind Map: Language Development:
Theoretical Perspectives
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Language Development: Theoretical Perspectives

Language Development: Theoretical Perspectives Behaviorist- BF Skinner was the theorist-researcher associated with this perspective. Behaviorists focused on nature over nurture. Operant conditioning is the providing positive reinforcement for a specific behavior. The aspects of language knowledge associated with the behaviorist perspective are semantic, syntactic and morphemic knowledge. Nativist- Noam Chomsky is the theorist-researcher associated with this perspective. Nativists focus on nature over nurture. The LAD is "an inborn mechanism that is specific for language learning" (p29). The aspect of language knowledge associated with this perspective is syntactic knowledge. Cognitive Developmentalist- Jean Piaget is the theorist-researcher associated with this perspective. Cognitive developmentalists focus on nature over nurture. Object permanence is when a child learns an object still exists, even if it is out of sight. This is "an important onset of the development of language" (p31). Schemata development is when a child makes "relationships between actions and objects and organizes them into abstract cognitive structures (p31). Interactionist- Vygotsky, Bruner and Halliday are the theorists-researchers associated with this perspective. This perspective builds on the three previous perspectives, making language development a process, not a product. Sociocultural experiences, or interacting with the world, is the primary way to develop language knowledge. The aspect of language knowledge associated with this perspective is pragmatic knowledge.

Cognitive Developmentalist

Jean Piaget (1896-1980)

Nature

For language to develop, specific cognitive development must occur first

Object permanence

Use of symbols

Schemata Development

Semantic, Morphemic

Behaviorist

BF Skinner (1904-1990)

Nurture

Learning in based on stimuli

Children are "blank slates"

Language is taught through situations of imitation

Operant Conditioning

Semantic, Syntactic, Morphemic

Nativist

Noam Chomsky (1928-present)

Nature

Universal grammar

Discovery of language structure

LAD- Language Acquisition Device

Children use hypothesis testing

Syntactic

Interactionist

Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934), Jerome Bruner (1915-present), MAK Halliday (1925-present)

Sociocultural interaction

Language as a process, not a product

Builds on previous three theoretical perspectives

Children intentionally expand effort

LASS- Language Acquisition Support System

Pragmatic