U.S Federal Government

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U.S Federal Government by Mind Map: U.S Federal Government

1. 10 Amendments

1.1. 1st Amendent

1.2. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

1.3. 2nd Amendment

1.4. The Second Amendment (Amendment II) to the United States Constitution protects the individual right to keep and bear arms.

1.5. 3rd Amendment

1.6. No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law

1.7. 4th amendment

1.8. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

1.9. 5th amendment

1.10. No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

1.11. 6th amendment

1.12. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.

1.13. 7th amendment

1.14. This amendment codifies the right to a jury trial in certain civil cases and inhibits courts from overturning a jury's findings of fact.

1.15. 8th amendment

1.16. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

1.17. 9th amendment

1.18. The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

1.19. 10th amendment

1.20. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.

2. Member selection & Member Approval:

3. Article I

3.1. Powers of the Legislative Branch

3.1.1. Responsible for passing laws

3.1.2. Declares war

3.1.3. Regulates interstate and foreign commerce

3.1.4. Controls taxing and spending policies

3.2. Enumerated and Expressed Powers

3.2.1. Enumerated Powers

3.2.2. Power to levy taxes, borrow money, coin money, declare war, raise & support armed forces

3.2.3. Implied powers

3.2.3.1. Implied powers are political powers granted to the United States government that aren’t explicitly stated in the Constitution.

3.2.3.1.1. They are necessary for the function of any given governing body.

3.2.3.2. Examples: when Congress passes legislation on national health care based on the power granted to Congress by the Constitution to collect taxes and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States.

3.2.4. Expressed powers

3.2.4.1. Those specifically named in the constitution.

3.2.4.2. Examples: The Power to tax and spend for the defense and general welfare of the U.S. Borrow money.

3.3. Elastic Clause

3.3.1. Gives Congress the ability to stretch its power to meet the needs that the founders did not anticipate.

4. The president appoints Supreme Court justices and they have to be approved of a majority or 51 votes of the Senate.

5. Judicial Branch: Article III

5.1. Qualifications:

5.1.1. Supreme Court

5.1.1.1. Justices:

5.1.1.2. Total amount: 9 justices

5.1.1.3. Chief Justice: Head Justice

5.1.1.4. Serve time: They can serve for life or retire as they wish. They also could be impeached.

5.1.1.5. Powers of the Supreme Court:

5.1.1.6. It’s rulings can not be appealed

5.1.1.7. Decides on cases dealing with the interpretation of the constitution

5.1.1.8. Overturn a law

5.1.2. Judicial Branch evaluates the laws

5.2. There are no explicit requirements

6. Legislative Branch: Article I

6.1. Congress

6.1.1. House of Representatives

6.1.1.1. Age: at least 25 years old

6.1.1.2. Citizenship: 7 years

6.1.1.3. Term lengths: 2 terms and are considered for re-election every even year

6.1.1.4. U.S department of State

6.1.1.5. Residency: At time of election, they Have to be an inhabitant of the state they represent

6.1.1.6. Number of members: 435

6.1.2. Senate

6.1.2.1. Age: at least 30years.

6.1.2.2. Citizenship: atleast 9 years

6.1.2.3. Residency: In the state a senator represents at the time of election.

6.1.2.4. Number of members: 100

6.1.2.5. Term Lengths: 6 terms

7. Executive Branch: Article II

7.1. President

7.1.1. Qualifications:

7.1.1.1. Natural Born citizen of the U.S.

7.1.1.2. Residency: 14 years

7.1.1.3. 35 years of age

7.1.1.4. Term Length & Limit: A person is limited to being elected twice - or once if they've already served more than two years as President. 22nd Amendment

7.1.2. Roles:

7.1.3. Leads the country

7.1.4. Head of state

7.1.5. Leader of the federal government

7.1.6. Commander chief of the U.S. armed forces.

7.2. Vice President

7.2.1. Qualifications

7.2.2. Natural born citizen of the U.S

7.2.3. Natural born citizen of the U.S

7.2.4. 35 years old

7.2.5. Residency:14 years

7.2.6. Term Length & Limit: president two times for a total of eight years. It does make it possible for a person to serve up to ten years as president. This can happen if a person (most likely the Vice-President) takes over for a president who can no longer serve their term. 22nd amendment.

7.3. Powers of the Executive Branch:

7.4. Carries out laws

7.5. Being able to veto or reject a proposal for a law

7.6. Negotiate foreign treaties with other countries

7.7. Negotiate foreign treaties with other countries

7.8. Appoint Federal Judges

7.9. Grant pardons, or forgiveness, for a crime.

7.10. Executive Departments:

7.10.1. Number of departments: 15

7.10.1.1. Name of departments:

7.10.1.2. U.S department of Commerce

7.10.1.3. U.S department of Defense

7.10.1.4. U.S department of Education

7.10.1.5. U.S department of Agriculture

7.10.1.6. U.S department of Energy

7.10.1.7. U.S department of Health and Human services

7.10.1.8. U.S department of Homeland security

7.10.1.9. U.S department of Housing and Urban development

7.10.1.10. U.S department of justice

7.10.1.11. U.S department of Labor

7.10.1.12. U.S department of the Interior

7.10.1.13. U.S department of the treasury

7.10.1.14. U.S department of Transportation

7.10.1.15. U.S department of Veteran Affairs