Whats is syntax?

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Whats is syntax? by Mind Map: Whats is syntax?

1. Falsifiability (Predictions)

1.1. A hypothesis must make predictions.

1.2. To see whether a hypothesis is correct you look for the prediction that will prove the hypothesis wrong

1.3. If the piece of evidence that would prove the hypothesis wrong is true, then the hypothesis must be revised.

2. The scientific study of sentence structure

3. Evaluating grammars:

3.1. Observationally Adequate grammar

3.2. Descriptively Adequate

3.3. Explanatorily Adequate

4. Rules a kind of hypothesis:

4.1. we will encode our hypotheses about sentence structure using rules

4.2. A grammar in the linguistic sense is a cognitive structure.  It is the part of the mind that generates and understands language

4.3. A group of rules are called a Grammar

5. what is a sentence?

5.1. A hierarchically organized structure of words that maps sound to meaning and vice versa.

6. Syntactic judgments: concern the FORM of a sentence

7. Syntactic judgments: concern the FORM of a sentence

8. Semantic judgments: are about the MEANING of a sentence

9. performance: refers to what we actually produce

9.1. competence: refers to what we know about language

10. Sources of data:

10.1. Collections of recorded real world speech

10.2. Telephone recordings (LDC)

10.3. Newspapers,Books, Magazines

10.4. Folk tales etc recorded in the field

10.5. The web

10.6. The web

11. Acceptability Judgments

11.1. sometimes acceptability judgments are called intuitions.

11.2. sometimes acceptability judgments are called intuitions.

11.3. The term ‘intuition’ has a negative connotation: makes us think of fortune tellers and psychics

11.4. However, acceptability judgments are both experimentally valid and statistically sound

11.5. sometimes acceptability judgments are called intuitions.

11.6. The term ‘intuition’ has a negative connotation: makes us think of fortune tellers and psychics

11.7. However, acceptability judgments are both experimentally valid and statistically sound

12. The 3 arguments in support of the UG:

12.1. A) language is infinite despite the poverty of input , we produce sentence we have never heard before

12.2. B) we know things about our language that we have never been exposed to

12.3. C) you know things about your language that you have never been taught

13. Prescriptive rules: prescibe how we should speak

13.1. Descriptive rules: describe how we actually speak

14. Learning: involves conscious gaining of knowledge

14.1. Acquisition: involves subconscious gaining of knowledge

15. A shocking proposal: • Noam Chomsky

15.1. The ability of humans to use language is innate (an instinct). We are prewired to use language.