Chapter 2: Sigmund Freud

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Chapter 2: Sigmund Freud by Mind Map: Chapter 2: Sigmund Freud

1. Parts of the Unconscious

1.1. ID

1.1.1. - based on physical drives (sex, hunger)

1.1.2. - operates according to pleasure principle

1.1.3. primary processes

1.2. EGO

1.2.1. - balances ID's wants

1.2.2. mental processes that have acces to consciousness

1.2.2.1. EGO should be the strongest in a healthy person

1.2.3. wants to SATSFY needs in REALISTIC manner

1.3. SUPEREGO

1.3.1. Reflects morals of society

1.3.2. Introjection

2. Defense Mechanism

2.1. Repression

2.1.1. threatening images pressed in unconscious

2.2. Projection

2.2.1. Places unwanted feelings onto someone/ something else

2.3. Rationalization

2.3.1. Uses excuses for destructive or unaccepted behavior

2.4. Denial

2.4.1. Avoiding - refusing to think / address it

2.5. Intelectualization

2.5.1. Talking / thinking at academic level in regards to emotional topic

2.6. Displacement

2.6.1. Feelings towards one person that are directed towards another

2.7. Regression

2.7.1. Revert back to earlier stage of life

2.8. Sublimation

2.8.1. Redirecting aggressive / sexual interests into society

3. Psychosexual Stages

3.1. Oral : 0-1 1/2 yrs

3.2. Anal: 1 1/2 - 3 yrs

3.3. Phallic: 3 - 6 yrs

3.4. Latency: 6 - 12 yrs

3.5. Genital: 13 onward

3.6. Fixation: impairment at a particular stage - needs not met (trauma occurred)

4. Unconscious

4.1. Free Association

4.2. Dreams

4.2.1. Manifest VS Latent Content

4.3. Psychoanalysis

4.3.1. incorporating free association with goal to attain insight about childhood effects and leads to symptoms

4.3.1.1. Transference - patient reflects feelings of past onto therapist

5. Freuds Theories

5.1. Theory of unconscious widely accepted

5.2. Never studied children yet theories relied on them

5.3. Freud admitted to d=forcing responses

5.4. Inconsistent theories

6. ORAL STAGE

6.1. focus on satisfying oral needs

6.2. Receptive Personality

6.2.1. associates with oral experience of food and ingestions

6.3. Aggressive Personality

6.3.1. derived from childhood oral pleasure, emphasis on chewing / biting

7. ANAL STAGE

7.1. Anal Retentive Personality

7.1.1. orderly, stingy, stubborn

7.2. Anal Expulsive

7.2.1. disregard rules of cleanliness, orderliness, sloppy, have tantrums

8. PHALLIC STAGE

8.1. Oedipal Complex

8.1.1. boy desires mom, hates father

8.1.2. fears father may castrate him, due to love for mother

8.1.3. gives up mother; identifies with father

8.2. Electra Complex

8.2.1. girl hates mother; loves father

8.2.2. Displays penis envy

8.2.2.1. Resovle complex less completely as they dont face fear (castration)

8.2.3. Cant fully identify with mom, bc mother doesn't have penis thus devaluing her

8.2.3.1. Woman have less ego strength

9. LATENCY STAGE

9.1. repressed attraction to parents and other intimate feelings

9.2. Children focus on same sex friendships

10. GENITAL STAGE

10.1. reawakening of sexual interests

11. Popularity?

11.1. Sex and deams catches interest

11.2. Offers understanding of behavior and personality