PASSIVE VOICE

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PASSIVE VOICE by Mind Map: PASSIVE VOICE

1. Past

1.1. Past Simple

1.1.1. S + was/were + PP.2 + by + O

1.2. Past Continuous

1.2.1. S + was/were + being + PP.2 + by + O

1.3. Past Perfect

1.3.1. S + had + been + PP.2 + by + O

1.4. Past Perfect Continuous

1.4.1. S + had+ been + being + PP.2 + by + O

2. Present

2.1. Present Simple

2.1.1. S + am/ is/ are + PP.2 + by + O

2.2. Present Continuous

2.2.1. S + am/is/are + being + PP.2 + by + O

2.3. Present Perfect

2.3.1. S + has/have + been + PP.2 + by + O

2.4. Present Perfect Continuous

2.4.1. S + has/ have + been + being + PP.2 + by + O

2.5. Future Continuous

2.5.1. S + will + be being + PP.2 + by + O

3. Future

3.1. Future Simple

3.1.1. S + will + be + PP.2 + by + O

3.1.2. S + am/is/are + going to + be + PP.2 + by + O

3.2. Future Perfect

3.2.1. S + will + have + been + PP.2 + by + O

3.3. Future Past

3.3.1. S + would be + PP.2 + by + O

4. Modal

4.1. Modal Verb

4.1.1. S + may, must, can, could, ought to, should + be + PP.2 + by + O

5. Special Cases

5.1. S + V + Oi + Od

5.1.1. S + be + PP.2 + Od + by + O

5.1.2. S + be + PP.2 + prep + Oi + by + O

5.1.2.1. He gave me a book.

5.1.2.2. I was given a book by him.

5.1.2.3. A book was given to me by him.

5.2. V + O

5.2.1. S + should/ must + be + PP.2 + by + O

5.2.1.1. Hand your paper!

5.2.1.2. The paper must be handed by you.

5.3. It + be + adj (+ for sb) + to V

5.3.1. It + be + adj + for sb to be done

5.3.1.1. It is easy to make this cake.

5.3.1.2. It is easy for this cake to be done.

5.4. Make sb do sth

5.4.1. Make sth done (by sb)

5.4.1.1. He makes me do laundry.

5.4.1.2. He made laundry done by me.

5.5. Let sb do sth

5.5.1. Let sth done (by sb)

5.5.1.1. I let him borrow my pen.

5.5.1.2. I let my pen borrowed by him.

5.6. S1 + V1 + that + S2 + V2

5.6.1. It + be + PP.2 (V1) + that + S2 + V2

5.6.2. S2 + be + PP.2 (V1) + to + V2

5.6.2.1. People believe that he is the hero of the town.

5.6.2.2. It’s believed that he is the hero of the town.

5.6.2.3. He is believed to be the hero of the town.

6. Special Cases

6.1. Have sb do sth

6.1.1. Have sth done (by sb)

6.1.1.1. I have my hairdresser cut my hair.

6.1.1.2. I have my hair cut by the hairdresser.

6.2. Get sb do sth

6.2.1. Get sth done (by sb)

6.2.1.1. She got her dad turn off the TV.

6.2.1.2. She got the TV turned off by her dad.

6.3. S + V1 + V-ing + O

6.3.1. S + V + (that) + O + should be + PP.2

6.3.1.1. She suggests drinking beer at the party.

6.3.1.2. She suggests that beer should be drunk at the party.

6.4. S + see/ hear/ watch/ look/catch… + sb + V + O

6.4.1. sb + be + seen/ heard/ watched/ looked/ caught… + to – V + O

6.4.1.1. I sometimes see him go out.

6.4.1.2. He is sometimes seen to go out.

6.5. S + see/ hear/ watch/ look/ catch… + sb + V-ing + O

6.5.1. sb + be + seen/ heard/ watched/ looked/ caught/ …+ V-ing + O

6.5.1.1. We heard her singing loudly.

6.5.1.2. She was heard singing loudly.

6.6. It + be + my/ your/ her/ his/ our/ their… + duty + to – V + (O)

6.6.1. I/ You/ She/ He/ We/ They + be + supposed + to – V + (O)

6.6.1.1. It's their duty to do this job.

6.6.1.2. They are supposed to do this job.