Neurophysiology

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Neurophysiology by Mind Map: Neurophysiology

1. somatic sensation

1.1. Meissner’s corpusles

1.1.1. Rapidly adapting

1.1.2. Small receptive field (more superficial)

1.2. Merkel’s Disc

1.2.1. Slow adapting

1.2.2. Small receptive field

1.3. Ruffini ending

1.3.1. Slow adapting

1.3.2. Large receptive field (deeper in the skin)

1.4. Pacinian corpusles

1.4.1. Rapidly adapting

1.4.2. Large receptive field

1.4.3. Free nerve endings (nociceptors = pain

1.4.4. primitive

1.5. Fast (A delta)

1.5.1. First order neurons release glutamate in cord

1.6. Slow (C fibers)

1.6.1. First order neurons release substance P and glutamate in cord

2. Receptors in muscle

2.1. Muscle spindles

2.1.1. Detect length and changes in length

2.1.2. When stimulated cause muscle to contract

2.1.3. In parallel with extrafusal fibers

2.2. In series with extrafusal fibers

2.2.1. Golgi tendon organs

2.2.2. Detect tension

3. Resting membrane potentials

3.1. The potential difference that exists across the neuron cell membrane and any other excitable cells (e.g. muscle)

3.2. At rest, the membrane of neurons are more permeable to K+ than Na+ which allows K+ to establish the resting membrane potential by approaching its Nernst equilibrium potential

4. types of motorneurons

4.1. α motorneuron

4.1.1. innervate extrafusal fibers

4.2. γ motorneuron

4.2.1. dynamic γ motorneuron

4.2.2. static γ motorneuron

4.2.3. innervate intrafusal fibers (muscle spindles)