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MIGRATION by Mind Map: MIGRATION

1. the area of origin will be more vulnerable to wars or attacks as they will have less defenders

2. few entertainment or leisure activities

3. Types of Migration (Kimnay, Vathanak and Pich)

3.1. International migration

3.1.1. Migration between 2 countries (eg. Mexico-- USA)

3.2. Seasonal Migration

3.2.1. Migration just for a particular season (eg. For harvesting)

3.3. Economic Migration

3.3.1. Migration for work. (eg.better salary or promotion)

3.3.2. Migration from one country to another to benefit from greater economic opportunities.

3.4. Permanent Migration

3.4.1. Migration with the intention of staying forever.

3.5. Temporary migration

3.5.1. Migration for a limited period, this might be only a few weeks or even several years.

3.6. Commuting

3.6.1. Movement from home to workplace

3.7. Internal Migration

3.7.1. Migration between two places within a country. (eg. From Phnom penh to Siem reap)

3.8. Rural-urban migration

3.8.1. The movement of people from rural areas to urban areas.

3.9. Political Migration

3.9.1. People are forced to migrate because of a war or state policies which discriminate against particular groups of citizens.

3.10. .Religious Migration

3.10.1. Migration due to changes in religious demography and goals.

4. Causes of Migration (PULL FACTORS)Sav,Lever,Jolie

4.1. higher payed jobs

4.2. better lifestyle

4.3. available services

4.3.1. if a country have a very small amount and not quality services , people would want to go to a country where there is a lot more services and better services

4.4. clean enviroment

4.5. safety

4.5.1. if a country is having war or the government is very corrupted and treating their citizen really badly , people would want to go to another country which is a lot safer

4.6. freedom of religion

4.6.1. some countries doesn't allow a specific religion so people would go to another country where people can believe in any religion they want which is a pull factor

5. The Impact Of Migration On The Area of Destination (PHEA, WEN YING, SUYI, MONGKUL)

5.1. Positive Impacts

5.1.1. Source of manual workers

5.1.2. source of skilled workers- brain gain

5.1.3. improved links with new countries

5.1.4. New culture e.g. food and dance

5.1.5. Improve links with source countries

5.2. Negative Impacts

5.2.1. possible racial tension

5.2.1.1. increase in xenophobia as local people find immigrants interfering with their lives.

5.2.2. inflation caused by increase demand

5.2.2.1. Pressure on housing, electricity and water

5.2.2.2. Increase in food price and other necessities

5.2.3. Possible unemployment

5.2.3.1. increase in crime rate and low-income area

5.2.4. Rise in price and demand on healthcare, education and other services

5.2.4.1. scarcity can happen in area of destination.

5.2.5. environmental degradation

5.2.5.1. Air Pollution

5.2.5.1.1. increase in industrial activities

5.2.5.2. Water Pollution

5.2.5.2.1. pollution of water sources such as rivers and lakes

5.2.5.3. Noise Pollution

5.2.5.3.1. cause from increase population, causing more cars and other aspects of lifestyles.

5.2.5.4. Light Pollution

5.2.5.4.1. increase in usage of resources such as coal or natural gases to generate an influx in electricity

6. Impacts of emigration on the area of origin (Heng, Tong and Anthony)

6.1. asmany economic migrants and political refugees are able bodied men, their home communities lose workers

6.2. families lose fathers, whooften are providers

6.3. women are over-burdened

6.4. fewer workers cause economic decline

6.5. the most educated usually migrate in voluntary migration , so health and other services decline because of shortages of skilleed workers and professionals

7. Causes of Migration (PUSH FACTORS) Mey,Rida,Nisa

7.1. Unemployment

7.2. low wages

7.3. poor healthcare

7.4. poor educational opportunities

7.5. low standards of living

7.6. war, crime, persecution

7.7. natural disasters