non-specific defenses

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non-specific defenses by Mind Map: non-specific defenses

1. physical barriers

1.1. prevent entrance of pathogens

1.1.1. epithelium

1.1.2. secretions

1.1.3. hair

1.1.4. sweat gland

2. phagocytes

2.1. remove cellular debris

2.1.1. microphage

2.1.1.1. neutrophil

2.1.1.2. eosinophil

2.1.2. macrophage

2.1.2.1. fixed

2.1.2.1.1. monocyte

2.1.2.2. free

2.1.2.2.1. monocyte

3. immunological surveillance

3.1. recognize and destroy abnormal cells

3.1.1. natrual killer cells

4. interferons

4.1. small proteins

4.1.1. trigger production antiviral proteins

4.1.2. inhibit virile replication

4.1.3. 3 types alpha, beta, gamma

5. complement system

5.1. 11 complement proteins

5.1.1. destroy membrane bacteria

5.1.2. stimulate inflamation

5.1.3. attracts phagocytes

5.1.4. enhances phagocytes

5.2. classical pathway

5.2.1. more effective

5.3. alternative pathway

5.3.1. less effective

6. inflammatory system

6.1. local effects

6.1.1. swelling

6.1.2. redness

6.1.3. heat

6.1.4. pain

6.2. goals

6.2.1. temporary repair

6.2.2. slow pathogens

6.2.3. mobilize other defenses

6.3. chain of events

6.3.1. blood flow increased

6.3.2. phagocytes activated

6.3.3. capillary permability increased

6.3.4. complement activated

6.3.5. clotting reaction walls off area

6.3.6. regional temperature increased

6.3.7. specific defenses activated

7. fever

7.1. raise core body temp

7.1.1. mobilizes defenses

7.1.2. accelerates repairs

7.1.3. inhibits bacterial infection