Life means suffering - To live is to suffer. Your life is not perfect and so is the world. During our lifetime, we inevitably have to endure physical suffering such as pain, sickness, injury, tiredness, old age, and eventually death. we have to endure psychological suffering like sadness, fear, frustration, disappointment, and depression. We strive for happiness and for a perfect life, but to live your life you must endure pain and suffering first.
The origin of suffering is attachment - This means in life you will reach the point of giving up, you suffer alot and pain is a natural thing. The reasons for suffering are desire, passion, pursuit of wealth and prestige, striving for fame and popularity. We have to know ourselves before we know anything else.
The cessation of suffering is attainable - Our sensual craving and desires is what keeps the suffering. "Suffering can be overcome through human activity, simply by removing the cause of suffering." We can avoid suffering by the pleasures of life, to avoid depression is to act the human way and do what you need to do in order to refrain from depression and suffering.
The path to the cessation of suffering -
"To undertake the training to avoid taking the life of beings" This Ethic applies to all living things because the ethics tell us that every single living thing has the right to live and the right to have the same respect as you. Do not kill any other living thing and do not harm them. Treat them with care and respect. This applies to animals and humans, even living organisms.
"To undertake the training to avoid taking things not given" This ethic tells us that we should not steal or take anything that is not ours, not belonging to us. We should only take the things that are given or that is intended for you. Do not take other's hard earned things, but to work on it yourself.
"To undertake the training to avoid sensual misconduct" This ethic is saying that we as humans beings should not undertake sexual misconduct. We should not presume our sexual nature to each other and wait for marriage. Do not act in rape but to keep the pleasures to self.
"To undertake the training to refrain from false speech" This ethic is to tell us that we should try to avoid lying, cheating or decieving. We shall not lie to hurt others or to decieve them, we should not cheat to achieve our own goals and benefits. We have to refrain ourselves from doing so in order to live the life.
"To undertake the training to abstain from substances which cause intoxication and heedlessness" This ethic tells us that we should refrain ourselves from taking inxtoxication and heedlessness as in taking alcohol, drugs & other intoxicated substances that could harm our body, mind and others. We should try to take them, to stay away and abstain from them.
Reincarnation - Is a common buddhist belief that every buddhist should believe in. This means that when you die, you are reincarnated into something. It all depends on how you lived out your past life, if you were a good person or a bad person, if you were a poor person or a rich person, it all depends and goes around that. You can reincarnate into an animal or another human being, you live out your life doing good and good will come to you, if you do bad, bad will come to you, similiar to the "Karma" belief.
Meditation - Is a common buddhist ritual practice that many people do. It stands for mental concentration & mindfullness. This practice helps release stress and calm your mind and body. The act of praying helps your mind feel free and take away the stress that you had carried on you, like a weight lifted off your shoulders. Praying helps bring peace and harmony,
Altar Praying - Altar prayin is a common Buddhist ritual that is practiced by many buddhists around the world. Every house hold should have a small altar to pray for their lost family members or someone close to the family. There are sacred statues on the altar, pictures of the diseased & sometimes fruits to offer the statues. In respect and practice, incense candles are burnt so that the prayers can be heard.
Mantras - Are Religious symbols and sounds that protect people from evil spirits. They are believed to be there to protect you from the evil, it is a strong religious practice that many buddhists practice