GENERAL LINGUISTIC

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GENERAL LINGUISTIC by Mind Map: GENERAL LINGUISTIC

1. DESCRIPTIVE GRAMMAR

1.1. Definition

1.1.1. Refers to an objective and non-judgmental description of grammatical constructions in a language, being an evaluation of how a language is actually used, in writing and speaking in other words, provides an analysis and explanation of the grammar of a language.

1.2. Characteristics

1.2.1. Observe and describe the language, hence its name, since it has a descriptive interest.

1.2.2. He has no pretensions to judge the language he studies

1.2.3. It is always connected to a certain linguistic community, which it will study in depth, with the purpose of describing the rules and principles by which it is governed.

1.2.4. So too the descriptive grammar cannot be described as a purist grammar.

1.2.5. It can be said that it focuses on the concrete, concrete or tangible, since it starts from the facts, carried out in the speech, to carry out its study.

2. PRESCIPTIVE GRAMMAR

2.1. Definition

2.1.1. This type introduces a set of rules for the use of particular language. This dictates what is right and wrong when speaking and, above all, writing; since a greater merit is given to written speech than to oral; in particular literary or cultured styles.

2.2. Characteristics

2.2.1. Is dominant among theorists,

2.2.2. Is judgmental and attempt to change linguistic behavior of a particular sort and in a particular direction

2.2.3. It changes, it is incorporated due to advances in technology

2.2.4. There are specified and standar set grammar rules.

2.2.5. They want to save the language always

3. TEACHING GRAMMAR

3.1. Definition

3.1.1. It is part of what the teacher chooses to teach. Grammar is an important part of language learning. For students to have a functional knowledge of a language, they can produce a language spontaneously which must have some knowledge of the grammatical constructions of the language in question.

3.2. Characteristics

3.2.1. Student are taught the rules of language in an explicit way

3.2.2. Didactic grammars work well with adults, they know their mother tongue.

3.2.3. Didactic grammars could be compared to prescriptive grammar.

3.2.4. Grammar teaching is not about changing the rules or usages of the language.

4. UNIVERSAL GRAMMAR

4.1. Noam Chomsky

4.1.1. Definition

4.1.1.1. All children are born with a language acquisition device or with the innate ability to acquire, develop and understand a language, they are similar in terms of their grammatical laws.

4.1.2. A child only needs to observe the set of rules followed by his peers in order to understand and produce his native language.

4.1.2.1. Characteristics of human language

4.1.2.1.1. They are displacement, creativity, arbitrariness, cultural transmission, discretion and duality, among others.