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Abuse or Neglect by Mind Map: Abuse or Neglect
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Abuse or Neglect

Aggression & violence supply the individual with power & prestige that boosts self-image.

Rape-an act of aggression, not passion against another.

Types

Date

Marital

Statutory

Victimizer

Mother is “seductive but rejecting” toward child.

Mother's dominance over son continues into adult life.

Father domineering, impulsive, & physically abusive.

Victim

Mother passive,submissive & denigrates her role of wife/mother. Unaware of, or at least suspects, incestuous relationship but uses denial or keeps quiet out of fear of being abused by husband.

For “stranger rape,” victims chose b/c right place/right time, not b/c or appearance or behavior.

Presence of weapon (real or not) is principal measure of the degree to which a woman resists attacker.

Victim responses

Expressed response pattern

Controlled response pattern

Compounded rape reaction

Silent rape reaction

Incest

An impaired spousal relationship

Theories

Psychodynamic theory

Unmet needs for satisfaction & security result in an underdeveloped ego & a poor self-concept.

Learning theory

Children learn to behave by imitating role models as abuse children.

Sociocultural theories

Societal influences, Aggressive behavior is primarily a product of one’s culture and social structure. The American culture was founded on a general acceptance of violence as a means of solving problems., Individuals feel needs & desires not met relative to other people.

Sexual assault

Child abuse

Physical abuse:

Examples??

Emotional abuse:

Results in serious impairment of the child’s social, emotional, or intellectual functioning

Neglect

Physical

Emotional

Sexual

Exploitation

Characteristics of the abuser

Abused previously

Lack of support

Stress

Lack of understanding of child development

Lack of adaptive coping strategies

Expects the child to be perfect

History of Abuse

Puritans - property

Biblical perspective

Subservient

Spare the rod

Protection began 20th century

Assessment

Intimate partner abuse

Profile of the victim, 85% are women., Battering - a pattern of coercive control founded on & supported by physical &/or sexual violence or threat of violence of intimate partner., All age, racial, religious, cultural, educational, and socioeconomic groups. They often have low self-esteem., Abusive childhood, Inadequate support systems.

Profile of the victimizer, Men with low self-esteem, pathologically jealous, presenting a “dual personality,” & exhibiting limited coping ability &severe stress reactions., The spouse is viewed as a personal possession.

The cycle of battering, Phase I, tension-building phase, Phase II, acute battering incident, Phase III, calm, loving, respite (honeymoon) phase

Why does she stay?, Fear for life or children's lives, Lack of support network for leaving, Religious beliefs, Lack of finances

Nursing diagnoses

Rape-trauma syndrome

Powerlessness

Delayed growth and development

Nursing intervention

Safety