Definition, Preconceived opinion not based on reason or experience., Biased view of people of a different culture, race etc.
General Scope, Racism, Classism, A biased attitude towards people belonging to a different social and/or economic class, Towards physical disabilities/attributes, Outward Appearances, Deformities, Sexual Discrimination, Gays!, Lesbians!, Bisexuals!, Ageism, Stereotyping and discriminating against, Sexism, Workplace: Males often draw a higher salary than their female counterparts, Other Individuals, Marriages: Males play a more dominant role; Societal perception as the sole breadwinner of the family, Religious Discrimination, A biased attitude towards individuals or a group belonging to a religious group., The Handicapped, Ableism, A form of discrimination or social prejudice against people with disabilities
Prejudice may be learned; it is through (mainly unconscious) learning that a child acquires and incorporates the prejudices prevalent in his society.
Humans have a want to be superior than others.
A German social psychologist, Hofstatter, has suggested (1954) that one must accept the fact that prejudice against members of other groups represents a “normal” phenomenon of human social life and that no one is free from this attitude
Our history, society and the media shapes the way we think and they way we treat others.
Thus, in order to "fit in", we subscribe to it and start forming our own opinions on others, based on what we hear from our families, friends and society.
This could be due to a history of mistrust or an ongoing conflict, thus one party chooses not to understand the other party and hence, lack of interaction.
eg. After the 9/11 event, many Americans were prejudiced against Muslims. They viewed that Islams promoted terrorism.
Must be willing to be open to multiple point of views
Change in Attitude: Be less self-righteous (ie believing that whatever they say and do is always right)
Schools, It can be achieved with the right approach. Eg. A Class Divided - Jane Elliot taught her students a lesson on prejudice and discrimination.
Family, Context: In Singapore, the State of The Family Report found that males and female parents spent 2.4 and 5.5 hours on average with their children, Noticeably, parents spend a significant amount of time with their children. As such, they too should take the responsibility to cultivate the right values & mindsets in their children, How?, More parent-child talk on sensitive issues to increase their awareness of the world. This would strengthen their ability to discern information that they come across in the future, be it through the media of the influence of others, eg, race, physical attributes, religion, House/family rules to cultivate proper behaviour, eg, Respect for other races in public places, Be a role model for them to follow
They need to be convinced that their views are mistaken
Seek a moral compass, Eg, Religion as a moral compass, God's emphasis on treating everyone as an equal
The government can help to close the income gap. In turn, this would help reduce the condescending attitude that the general public have towards the poor. Can be achieved through the implementation of relevant policies, Eg : In Singapore, Professor Lim Chong Yah proposed for a wage reform in 2012; Prof Lim had proposed that those earning below S$1,500 a month have their pay increased by 50 per cent over three years, while wages of those earning S$15,000 or more should be frozen.
Mandatory changes in the law to force people to conform to certain conventions