Rise of the Labor Movement

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Rise of the Labor Movement by Mind Map: Rise of the Labor Movement

1. Issues

1.1. The machines were out of code making them a risk to many people.

1.1.1. This was the cause of near 7,000 deaths.

1.2. There were long work hours.

1.3. Low wages

1.3.1. This allowed people to come to work sick because they were in need of money and wouldn't get paid.

2. Important People

2.1. Jean Debs

2.1.1. He ran for president with the intend to mainly focus of socialism. Workers got angry at Jean. This resulted in the overthrowing by the employees. This would even out the power which would've demonstrated communism. He tried to slowly get into communism while running for president, but didn't win.

3. Labor unions

3.1. NLU, National Labor Union

3.1.1. The created skilled labor Allowed more pay and held more leverage over their job. The nights of Labor This is another skilled labor

3.2. The ARU

3.2.1. He allowed skilled and unskilled people to fight for rights. This led to the upcoming of protests

4. The violent protest

4.1. The haymarket

4.1.1. This was the aftermath of a bombing that took place at a labor demonstration in Chicago on May 4th, 1886 . This began as a peaceful protest before police had killed and injured several workers. This overall became a symbol for the international struggle of labourers rights.

4.2. The homestead strike

4.2.1. This was an industrial lockout that began on July 6st, 1892. This resulted in a battle between striker and private security agents. This was a pivotal battle compared to many other things in the U.S history.

5. The native american experience

5.1. social Many Native Americans were forced out of their lands due to the westward expansion of the Americans. This forced the Indians onto unwanted land. Buffalo was a key resource for the Native Americans but their numbers started to decrease as a result of excess hunting from the white Americans. Many white Americans would hunt down buffaloes as they were in high demand in Europe. They would kill any buffaloed that they would see. Around 1850 an estimated of 30,000,000 buffaloes roamed the land but by 1893 there were less than 400.

5.2. political The U.S. government encouraged white Americans to hunt buffaloes. This policy was put into place as an effort to remove and relocate Indians onto reservations The government did this by leading many Indian wars to broke out. The Little BIgHorn was a conflict that broke out due to the intervention of the U.S. military. The army was sent there to protect the white prospectors but ended up attacking the Indians. Many were killed from this conflict from both sides. As a result thousands of soldiers were sent to the area to resolve all resistance from the Indians.

5.3. economic he Native Americans didn’t prosper from the westward expansion of the U.S.. The Native Americans face many devastations from the depletion of their vital resource, buffaloes, to the conflicts that occurred. They lost: - people The white Americans gained economically from the westward expansion. -land -dawes act -buffaloes

6. Industrial revolution

6.1. political The political impact the industrial revolution had made it more issues of poverty and poor working conditions. The Industrial Revolution influenced changes to the role of the government and was responsible for the social and economic legislation passed in the first half of the nineteenth century.

6.1.1. economic The industrial revolution had impacted the economy in many ways like, making economies that were based on agricultural and handicrafts on a large scale industry, it mechanized manufacturing, and changed the factory system. It was an overall change for the world by adding new machines, new power sources, and many other ways to organizes industries.

7. Immigration

7.1. social There were many reasons as to why immigrants migrated to America. Many of the faced challenges such as drought, famine, political revolutions, war, economic struggles, and religious persecutions. Once arriving to America they continued to face hardships. They were forced to travel in the steerage part of the ship. This part of the deck was dirty, crowded, and spread diseases quickly. They had to endure such conditions to be able to arrive in America, where many weren’t treated fairly. To enter America they had to go through a series of evaluations. They had to prove that they were healthy and had to show that they have a skill or a sponsor to provide for them. They also had to go through a series of health evaluations and were sent back if they didn’t meet the guidelines. Of the two ports Ellis Island was the most welcoming port. Angel Island made it hard for Asian immigrants to enter the country. They made it so that the immigrants had to prove that they were American citizens. Some were left in horrible conditions for an extended period of time.

7.1.1. political Many immigrants had faced political revolutions and war from their home country. Many of those occurred in China and Eastern Europe which prompted them to migrate to America in an effort to escape war. The Chinese exclusion Act of 1882 was the first to law to restrict immigration. Chinese immigrants had to face a lot of discrimantion and resentment from the white American. This law limited civil rights to Chinese laborers immigrants. The law also prohibited the naturalization of Chinese residents. The Chinese Act of 1882 was put into place due to the fear of jobs being taken away from Nativists. economic Many immigrants would migrate to the U.S. due to their economic issues back in their home country. Things like political revolutions, war, drought, or famine would cause many to search for better living situations. Some immigrants were having economic struggles. As more immigrants would come to the country it made jobs and homes harder to find and afford. But at the same time homes were a lot cheaper near the city. This made it convenient for them as they would also work in the city. The new immigrants were unskilled workers and would work in factories as those jobs didn’t require a certain skill to be able to maintain it. Out of desperation for any amount of money many would work in factories with low paying wages. The factory owners would hire immigrants for long hours and pay them a little. As more immigrants would come over they would look for jobs as soon as they entered and many factory owners would be eager for their arrival. Many factory owners would hire immigrants instead of Americans as they were willing to do a lot more for a lot less. Immigrants had a major impact in the growth of the U.S. economy as well as the industrial growth. Immigrants helped bring about changes into the U.S. economy. They even were able to incorporate their techniques for easier execution of the job. Immigrants would work in coal mines, steel and textile mills and factories causing many business to bloom.