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separation of mixtures by Mind Map: separation of  mixtures
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separation of mixtures

change of state from liquid to gas that occurs at the liquid's surface

crystallization

chromatography

means colour writing

is an analytical method of isolating the colour components of a mixture

invented by M.S Tweet while studying coloured materials on plants

ink, air, sea water, paint, brass and bronze

to separate solid from liquid

like chalk from water

like salt from sand

filtaration

can also separate solid from solid

only if one is soluble in a particular solvent while the other is not

is also employed in vehicles

by way of air filters and oil filters

centrifuge

human nose, small hair in it traps dust

used to carry out filtration quickly

used to separate dissolved solids from a solution

can be used to separate salt from a salt-water solution

mixtures can be separated by physical methods

they do not change into other substances

mixtures

are a physical combination of two or more substances

methods used to separate constituting mixtures

evaporation

solution containing dissolved solid is heated, water escapes into the air as gas, leaving behind the solid