the order of ideas
onomatopoeia, words spelt how they sound, bang, pop, crash
alliteration, repetition of consonant sounds, Blue Broken Bottles Busted
assonance, repetition of vowel sounds, Every Empty ElEphant's EnEmY
mixed race man
sarcastic, doesn't like racists, proud of being mixed race
Caribbean dialect/Non Standard English: 'wid de whole of yu eye'; 'ah rass'
Addresses audience directly: 'Excuse me...'
angry, sarcastic, sorry for people who are racist, polite but also rude
The way a mixed-race Caribbean man responds to being described as "half-caste".
working class Nigerian
frightened of being taken by "them"
nervous - disinterested
doesn't want trouble
in last stanza changes: he's next - feels terrified
imagery "soft like clay", able to be manipulated, changed(?)
A poem about political repression in Nigeria and the powerlessness of the individual.
working class - proud to be a "scruff"
from Glasgow - proud to be Scottish
resentment for upper class people and the way they think of working class people
sense of humour
Repetition lines 15-19 keeps repeating the word "scruff"
aggressive "belt up"
without captial letters and punctuation
a political poem about discrimination against working class people because of the regional way they speak.
lives in the UK
comes from Guyana
lost her identity as a black Caribbean woman because she's lived in England for so long
mixed feelings - fearful and reassuring
later in the poem she falls in love with the hurricane
repetition - "the earth is the earth is the earth"
personification - the hurricane comes to life
metaphor - "howling ship of the wind"
she asks 5 questions
How a hurricane causes someone living in UK to regain a sense of her identity as a Caribbean woman.
can never speak perfect English
doesn't know whether she is American or Indian
beginning - angry/frustrated
end - joy and pleasure she has kept her language
alliteration "spit it out"
imagery - extended metaphor (two tongues)
uses her own language - Gujarati to get us to have the same problem she has, audience becomes alienated and so able to empathise with speaker
shifts in tone, 'death' of mother lang = harsh, guttural lang, images of decay choices: 'rot', 'die', 'spit', repetition of 'rot' to reinforce, 'rebirth' of mother lang = rich vowel choices, celebratory, triumphant tone:'grows moist...strong', 'bud opens...blossoms', repetiton of 'grow' to reinforce
how being bilingual causes a woman to lose a sense of her identity as an Indian.