Coastal Management

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Coastal Management by Mind Map: Coastal Management

1. Coastal Processes

1.1. Atmospheric

1.1.1. Precipitation

1.1.2. Temperature

1.1.3. Wind

1.2. Marine

1.2.1. Waves

1.2.2. Water Salinity

2. Changes/Impacts

2.1. Climate change

2.1.1. Higher temperature Sea level rise Salt water intrusion Increase coastal erosion and flooding Coastal squeeze Sea level rise

2.1.2. Intensification of storms/Changes in rainfall pattern Changes to sediment supply

2.2. Direct Human Impacts

2.2.1. Habour dredging

2.2.2. Population growth in coastal areas Coastal pollution Decreased aesthetic value

2.2.3. Increased tourism and visitor traffic

2.3. Morphodynamics Behaviour

3. Coastal Morphological Development

3.1. Depositional

3.1.1. Spits, Recurved spits, tombolo

3.1.2. Beaches: wave-deposited accumulations of sediment and is located at the shoreline Wave-dominated Intermediate Tide-dominated Dissipative

3.1.3. Mudflats

3.1.4. Bars

3.2. Erosional

3.2.1. Cliffs

3.2.2. Headlands and bays

3.2.3. Caves, arches, stacks and stumps

3.2.4. Caves, blow holes and geos

4. Coastal Morphodynamics

4.1. Wave

4.1.1. Undulations: wave-like fluid movement created by winds that blow the water surface

4.1.2. Formation due to transfer of energy

4.2. Wave action zones

4.2.1. Shoaling zone

4.2.2. Surf zone

4.2.3. Swash zone

4.3. Factors affecting energy of waves

4.3.1. Wind duration

4.3.2. Wind velocity

4.3.3. Fetch: the distance of the open sea

4.4. Factors governing action of waves and coastal landforms

4.4.1. Wave action

4.4.2. Geology of coastal rocks

4.4.3. Climate

4.4.4. Coastal orientation

4.4.5. Coastal slope

5. Importance of coasts

5.1. Source of livelihood

5.2. Tourism

5.3. Coastal flatlands for better developments and accessibility

5.4. Harbours/ports

5.5. Environmental importance

5.5.1. Coastal ecosystem

6. Shoalhaven City Council

6.1. Management

6.1.1. Integrated Coastal Management Coastal Management Act 2016; State Environmental Planning Policies (SEPPs) Coastal management areas Local Environment Plan 2014 Land use zones Hazard assessment Long term view Natural process management Hard vs soft engineering Exposure and vulnerability assessment and adaptation Community engagement

7. Key Stakeholders

7.1. Residents/ The community

7.2. Local Businesses

7.3. Environmental groups/NGOs

7.4. Aboriginal Groups

7.5. Federal/State Government (Office of Environment and Heritage)

7.6. Tourist and visitors