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BIO 140 by Mind Map: BIO 140

1. It shows us how we share our resources and what we share them with. It also shows us how we can conserve our Earth.

2. Environmental Science

2.1. The Earth's environment. It's the resources it provides to us humans and every other organism

3. Energy flow and Biogeochemical cycles

3.1. Laws of thermodynamics

3.2. Ecosystems work with inputs and outputs of materials and energy

3.3. 3 basic types of energy users

3.3.1. Producers/Autotrophs- make their own food

3.3.2. Consumers/heterotrophs- use the organic molecules from producers

3.3.3. Decomposers/Saprotrophs- break down organic matter into inorganic substances

3.4. Food chains describe the flow of energy within a ecosystem

3.5. Abiotic----Biotic----Abiotic (when the organism die)

3.6. 2 basic cycles

3.6.1. gaseous- reservoirs o nutrients are in the atmosphere and in oceans where they can evaporate into the atmosphere

3.6.2. Sedimentary- reservoirs are minerals found in rock and the soil

3.6.3. ALL cycles link to the water cycle

4. Ecology

4.1. Is the study of relationships between organism and their environment

4.2. Biotic- living

4.2.1. animals

4.2.2. bacteria

4.2.3. plants

4.2.4. viruses

4.3. Abiotic- nonliving

4.3.1. soil

4.3.2. water

4.3.3. atmosphere

4.4. Ecosystem- a collection of related parts functioning as a whole unit

4.4.1. population- a group of interacting organism o the same species

4.4.2. community- all interacting populations of an ecosystem

4.5. Natural selection- survival of the fittest

4.6. niche- it like the organism job

5. Biodiversity of habitats

5.1. it's the variety of ways that species interact with one another

6. Evolution/Natural selection/adaptation

6.1. Evolution- change in population over time

6.2. NS- survival of the fittest

6.3. Adaptation- a change an organism makes to be better suited for it's environment

7. Symbiotic relationships

7.1. the relationship between two species

7.1.1. Symbiosis- one benefits

7.1.2. Mutualism- both benefit

7.1.3. Parasitism- one benefits and the other is harmed

8. Microclimate and plant communities

8.1. Microclimate- an area where that is totally different from the areas surrounding it

8.2. Plant communities- is a group of plants (sharing the same environment) that interact with each other, the animals, and the physically environment

9. Conservation

9.1. is the protection of species, habitats, ecosystems and land

9.2. there are many ways to help conserve the Earth

9.2.1. Recycle/use reusable items

9.2.2. Volunteer

9.2.3. research

9.2.4. don't send chemicals into the water

9.2.5. cut back on energy use

9.2.6. ETC.

10. Science literacy

10.1. Bias- when someone puts their own opinions and feelings into data causing it to be incorrect

10.1.1. Therefore bias is bad because it can lead people to believe something that isn't true

10.1.1.1. but the scientific method can help minimize bias

10.2. Scientific literacy- the understanding of scientific processes. It is needed for making personal decisions and parciapting in cultural affairs

11. Climate change

11.1. Hotter hots, colder colds, stronger storms, bigger floods

11.2. It's the change in the Earth's normal climate due to emissions of greenhouse gases

11.3. Climate change is biggest challenges that humanity is facing

11.4. The Paris Accord was an agreement with the Untied Nations in attempt to help slow down climate change

12. Carbon footprint

12.1. a carbon footprint is how much greenhouse gasses human processes release