Earthquakes

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Earthquakes by Mind Map: Earthquakes

1. Moment-Magnitude Scale

1.1. More Reliable than Richter Scale

2. Epicenter

2.1. Directly above focus

3. Focus

3.1. Where the earthquake begins below ground

4. Plate Margins

4.1. Destructive

4.1.1. Where on plate goes under another

4.2. Constructive

4.2.1. When two plates float apart

4.3. Collision

4.3.1. When two plates crush against each other

4.4. Conservative

4.4.1. When two plates slide past each otger

5. Seismic Waves

6. Seismometer

7. Commonly occur on

8. Convection Currents

8.1. In mantle, cause plate movement

9. Asthenosphere

9.1. Another name for Earth's crust

10. Boundaries

10.1. Lines where tectonic plates meet

11. Tension

12. Tectonic Plates

12.1. Are Earth's Crust

12.2. Float on the mantle

13. Landforms

13.1. Mountains

13.2. Volcanoes

13.3. Valleys

14. Tremors

15. Divergent Plate Boundary

15.1. Apart, dividing rift that have a physical appearance of a rift boundary or seafloor spreading

16. Transform Plate Boundary

16.1. This boundary is where plates are sliding past one another. An example is the San Andreas fault line in California, US

17. Convergent Plate Boundary

17.1. This boundary is where plates collide with each other creating mountains.

18. Magnitude

18.1. How strong the earthquake is

19. Belt

19.1. Areas where earthquakes occur

20. P Waves

20.1. Push and Pull Waves

21. S waves

21.1. Shake waves

22. Cause these to run through the ground

23. Energy

24. Continental

25. Oceanic

26. release

27. release

28. occur along

29. Earthquake waves

30. are caused by

31. occur in the

32. start at the

33. How strong an earthquake is

34. occur because of the movement of

35. Two types of plates

36. Types of Plate Boundaries

37. Happen in a