Topic 2 - Organization

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Topic 2 - Organization by Mind Map: Topic 2 - Organization

1. Food Molecules

1.1. Carbohydrates

1.1.1. Starch

1.1.2. Glucose

1.1.3. ENERGY

1.2. Lipids

1.2.1. High energy density storage

1.3. Proteins

1.3.1. Broken down into amino acids

1.4. Vitamins

1.4.1. A, B, C, D, E etc

1.4.1.1. A

1.4.1.1.1. Growth and development

1.4.1.1.2. Good vision

1.4.1.1.3. Immune health

1.4.1.2. B

1.4.1.2.1. Energy levels

1.4.1.2.2. Brain health

1.4.1.2.3. Cell metabolism

1.4.1.3. C

1.4.1.3.1. Immune system

1.4.1.3.2. Healthy skin

1.4.1.3.3. Blood vessels

1.4.1.3.4. Bones

1.4.1.3.5. Cartilage

1.4.1.3.6. Deficiency called Scurvy

1.4.1.4. D

1.4.1.4.1. Immune health

1.4.1.4.2. Bones

1.4.1.4.3. Mental health

1.5. Minerals

1.5.1. Calcium

1.5.2. Phosphorous

1.5.3. Sodium

1.5.4. Magnesium

1.5.5. Iron

1.6. Water

2. Digestive System

2.1. Digestive tract

2.1.1. Small intestine

2.1.1.1. Absorbs Nutrients

2.1.2. Large intestine

2.1.2.1. Absorbs Water

2.1.3. Pancreas

2.1.4. Gall Bladder

2.1.4.1. Produces bile

2.2. Mouth

2.2.1. Teeth grind food

2.2.1.1. Amylase in saliva

2.2.2. Esophagus

2.3. Stomach

2.3.1. Acidic

2.4. Rectum

2.4.1. Feces

3. Plant tissues

3.1. Leaves

3.1.1. Waxy cuticle

3.1.2. Upper epidermis

3.1.3. Palisade layer

3.1.4. Spongy mesophyl

3.1.5. Lower epidermis

3.1.6. Stomatae

3.2. Vascular bundles

3.2.1. Xylem

3.2.1.1. Transpiration stream

3.2.2. Phloem

4. Plant organ system

4.1. Roots

4.1.1. Absorb nutrients

4.2. Leaves

4.2.1. Site of photosynthesis and transpiration

4.3. Stem

4.3.1. Transports nutrients

4.4. Flower

4.4.1. Reproduction

4.5. Shoot system

4.5.1. Above ground

5. Non-communicable diseases

5.1. Diabetes

5.1.1. Type 1

5.1.1.1. Inherited / born with it

5.1.2. Type 2

5.1.2.1. Acquired

5.2. Most cancer

5.3. Autoimmune diseases

5.4. Parkinsons

5.5. Heart disease

5.6. Osteoarthritis

5.7. Not transmittable from one person to another.

5.7.1. Life style can have an effect

5.7.1.1. Drinking

5.7.1.2. Smoking

5.7.1.3. Stress

6. Health issues

6.1. Mental Wellbeing

6.1.1. Depression

6.1.2. Mental health issues

6.2. Physical Wellbeing

6.2.1. Disease

6.2.1.1. Communicable

6.2.1.2. Non-communicable

7. Blood

7.1. Red blood cells

7.1.1. Cary oxygen

7.2. White blood cells

7.2.1. Phagocytes

7.2.1.1. Engulf Pathogens

7.2.2. Lymphocytes

7.2.2.1. Produce antibodies and anti toxins

7.3. Blood plasma

7.3.1. Seals cuts

7.3.1.1. Healing

7.4. Carbon Dioxide is dissolved in blood

8. Heart & Blood Vessels

8.1. Heart

8.1.1. Left Ventricle

8.1.2. Right ventricle

8.1.3. Pumps blood around the body

8.2. Blood vessels

8.2.1. Veins

8.2.1.1. To the heart

8.2.1.2. Pulmonary vein

8.2.1.2.1. Away from heart

8.2.1.3. Low pressure

8.2.1.4. Thin walls

8.2.1.5. One way valve system

8.2.2. Artery

8.2.2.1. From the heart

8.2.2.2. Pulmonary Artery

8.2.2.2.1. Away from heart

8.2.2.3. High pressure

8.2.2.4. Thick walls

8.2.3. Capillaries

8.2.3.1. One cell thick

8.2.3.2. Between veins and heart

8.2.3.3. Where gas exchange takes place

9. Cancer

9.1. A non-communicable disease

9.2. Cells grow and divide uncontrollably

9.3. Benign Tumor

9.3.1. Grows slowly

9.3.2. Usually within a membrane

9.3.3. Does not invade other parts of the body

9.4. Malignant tumor

9.4.1. Grows quickly

9.4.2. Spreads around the body

9.4.3. Can form secondary tumors (metastasis

9.5. Surgery

9.6. Chemotherapy

9.7. Carcinogens

9.7.1. UV radiation

9.7.2. Chemicals ie Cigarette smoke

9.7.3. Alcohol

9.7.4. Some viruses

10. Lifestyle

10.1. Exercise

10.2. Stress

10.3. Diet

10.3.1. Obesity

10.4. Substance intake

10.4.1. Smoking

10.4.2. Alcohol intake

10.5. Job

11. Coronary heart disease

11.1. Arteries become blocked by a buildup of fatty material

11.1.1. Bad cholesterol

11.2. Amount of blood flow to heart reduced

11.2.1. Amount of oxygen reaching heart reduced

11.3. Chest pain

11.3.1. If left untreated : heart attack

11.4. Treatment

11.4.1. Statins

11.4.1.1. Drug that lowers cholesterol levels

11.4.2. Stents

11.4.2.1. Cather is inserted into artery with a balloon at the end which inflates to open up the artery.

11.4.3. Heart transplant

11.4.3.1. Artificial hearts used to temporarily keep patient alive

11.4.3.2. Donor heart transplant

11.4.3.3. Patient will need time to recover

11.4.3.4. Patient must take immunosuppressant drugs for the rest of their life to not reject the heart and have weakened immune system because of it.