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1. In neoclassical economics, the theory of the firm is a microeconomic concept that states that a firm exists and make decisions to maximize profits. ... Modern takes on the theory of the firm sometimes distinguish between long-run motivations, such as sustainability, and short-run motivations, such as profit maximization

2. OBJECTIVES :The Corporate Objective In traditional corporate finance , the objective of the firm is to maximize the value of the firm. A narrower objective is to maximize stockholder wealth. When the stock is traded and markets are viewed to be efficient, the objective is to maximize the stock price.

3. The balance sheet is one of the key financial statements. The balance sheet is also referred to as the statement of financial position. The simplest way understand to balance sheet is to think of it like a snapshot of a company's financial position at a particular point in time. The balance sheet is also a logical starting point for assessing a company's current financial strength.

4. Aswath Damodaran. The Financial View of the Firm. Assets. Liabilities. Assets in Place. Debt. Equity. Fixed Claim on cash flows.

5. WHAT IS CORPORATE FINANCE ?Corporate finance is the division of finance that deals with how corporations deal with funding sources, capital structuring, and investment decisions. Corporate finance is primarily concerned with maximizing shareholder value through long and short-term financial planning and the implementation of various strategies.

6. The business life cycle is the progression of a business in phases over time and is most commonly divided into five stages: launch, growth, shake-out, maturity, and decline. The cycle is shown on a graph with the horizontal axis as time and the vertical axis as dollars or various financial metrics.