Linguistic Variation

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Linguistic Variation by Mind Map: Linguistic Variation

1. Morphological Variation

1.1. It is the adaptation or elimination of new words according to the different arias and fields.

1.1.1. Inflectional Morphenes

1.1.2. Technological prefixes

1.1.3. The reduction Phenomenon

1.1.4. Examples 1. I wanna go see "Godzilla vs. Kong". 2: iBook; iMovie; iPhone. 3. Old English: Sellan; Modern English: to sell. 4. You should be gonna hang out with that girl. 5. Virtual-class; virtual-games; virtual-life; virtual-world.

1.2. Lexical Variation

1.2.1. It refers to the vocabulary. Creating of a new word and to change the meaning. The suffixes and prefixes support the creation of new words. EXAMPLES: Useless Unbelievable Development Room-Roommate Accountant-Accounting

1.2.2. CREATING NEW WORDS Word coinage ASPIRIN Words from names FRANKFURT sausages Blending MOTOR + HOTEL = MOTEL Reduction TELEPHONE = PHONE Borrowing or Loan BREAK American - England HOLIDAY - VACATION

2. Semantical Variation

2.1. It refers all to the interpretation, meaning, linguistic signs such as symbols, words, expressions or formal representations.

2.1.1. EXAMPLES Please, shut down the door! Thiago Can you shut down the competer? Block for toy and Block when you need an address. Bank building where you can save your money and Bank the land alongside to a river o lake. RUN: a journey accomplished or route taken by a vehicle, aircraft, or boat, especially on a regular basis. RUN:move at a speed faster than a walk, never having both or all the feet on the ground at the same time.

3. Syntatical Variation

3.1. Syntactic variation deals with the ways in which sentences are structured and constructed.

3.1.1. A child could be called a child, kid, boy, girl.

3.1.2. EXAMPLES OLD ENGLISH: -The wife´s tale of bath. MODERN ENGLISH: -The wife of bath´s tale. -Ferde he -He traveled When I was young, I lived in a small hus. When I was young, I lived in a small house. Old English: Swestor and brodor; Modern English: Sister and Brother. -Thanne longen folk to goon on ilgrimages. - Then folk long to go on pilgrimages.

4. Beneficts:

4.1. Use language in different situations: formal and informal.

4.2. Increase confidence in the use of the language due to different contexts and use it comfortably and appropriately.

4.3. It prevents miscommunication, since good communication cannot depend solely on lexis and syntax.