A Long Walk to Freedom

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A Long Walk to Freedom by Mind Map: A Long Walk to Freedom

1. South Africa's first black president after more than 3 centuries of white rule. African Congress Party 252/400 seats

1.1. Inauguration took place in amphitheatre in Pretoria

1.2. 140 countries attended

1.3. Ceremony took place at sandstone amphitheatre formed by union buildings in Pretoria

1.3.1. Autumn Day

1.3.2. Literally: it is autumn in South Africa as it in the Southern Hemisphere. Figuratively: In AUTUMN old rotten leaves fall down, similarly the old rotten system of Apartheid has come to an end and A new republic based on equality of men, colours, races emerged.

1.4. National Anthems - Nkosi Sikelel- iAfrica - Die stem (old anthem of the republic)

2. -South African jets, helicopters, troop carriers- perfect formation. -display of pinpoint precision and military force, demonstration of military's loyalty. - Highest generals, police, SA defence force saluted and pledged their loyalty. -chevron of impala jets left smoke of black, red ,green blue and gold: new SA flag.

3. He was not born with a hunger to be free. He was born free

3.1. -As a student, wanted freedom for himself Transitory freedom- staying out at night , Read what he pleased, Go where he chose.

3.2. As a youngman he discovered that his boyhood freedom was an illusion. -discovered his freedom has already been taken away from him.

3.3. It dawned on him, that not only he wasn't free ,his brothers and sisters weren't free.

4. Men and women risk and give lives for an idea

5. Was accompanied by daughter Zenani

6. Freedom as a child: run in the fields near my mother's hut. Free to swim in the clear stream Free to roast mealies under the stars Ride broad backs of slow- moving bulls. Free as long as he obeyed his father's and sticked to the customs of his tribe.


8. Thabo Mbeki - First Deputy President Mr de Klerk - Second Deputy President

9. As a young man of Johannesburg, he yearned for basic and honourable freedom. - earning enough money to live on. (Earn his keep) - marrying and having a family

10. Nelson Mandela sworn as president on 10 May 1994

11. Apartheid was a political and social system in South Africa during the era of White minority rule. It enforced racial discrimination against non-Whites, mainly focused on skin colour and facial features. This existed in the twentieth century, from 1948 until the early-1990s.

11.1. New Topic

12. Nelson Mandela born few years after Anglo Boer war and before Apartheid. (18 July 1918)

13. After Anglo Boer war, white people of SA patched up their differences and erected a system of racial domination against dark-skinned people.

14. This created the basis of one of the most harshest, most inhumane societies the world has ever known.

15. Twin Obligations: -Obligations to his family, to his parents, to his wife and children - obligation to his people, his community and his country

15.1. In SA one couldn't fulfill these obligations

16. Courage: not absence of fear but triumph over it. Brave man is not the one who doesn't feel afraid but he who conquers that fear

16.1. Oppressor must be liberated just as surely as oppressed. - a man who takes away another man's freedom is prisoner of hatred.

16.2. The oppressed and the oppressor alike are robbed of their humanity.


17.1. Desire for the freedom of his people to love their lives with dignity and self respect animated his life.

18. Depths of oppression to create such heights of character

19. No one is born hating another. If they can taught hate, they can be taught love as love comes naturally

20. People are the country's greatest wealth