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TOPIC 2 by Mind Map: TOPIC 2

1. ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE OF ATOMS AND CHEMICAL BONDS

1.1. SUB-ATOMIC PARTICLES

1.1.1. PROTONS

1.1.2. ELECTRONS

1.1.3. NEUTRONS

1.2. ISOTOPES

1.3. ATOMIC ORBITALS

1.4. MAGNETIC PROPERTIES

1.4.1. MAGNETIC

1.4.2. PARAMAGNETIC

1.5. AUFBAU PRINCIPLE

1.6. HUND'S RULE OF MAXIMUM MULTIPLICITY

1.7. ELECTRON CONFIGURATION

1.8. PERIODIC TABLE OF ELEMENTS

1.8.1. GROUP / FAMILY

1.8.2. MASS NUMBER

1.8.3. PERIOD

1.8.4. s, p, d, f BLOCKS

1.8.5. ATOMIC NUMBER

1.8.6. ATOMIC SIZE / RADIUS

1.8.7. IONIZATION ENERGY

1.8.8. ELECTRON AFFINITY

1.8.9. ELECTRONEGATIVITY

1.8.10. METALS AND NON-METALS

2. CHEMICAL BONDS

2.1. ISOELECTRONIC

2.2. OCTET

2.3. IOINIC

2.4. COVALENT

2.4.1. POLAR

2.4.2. NON-POLAR

2.5. NAMING

2.6. LEWIS STRUCTURES

2.7. MULTIPLE BONDS

3. CONCENTRATION OF SOLUTIONS

3.1. MASS

3.2. SOLUTE

3.3. SOLVENT

3.4. VOLUME

4. WATER POLLUTION

4.1. COMPONENTS OF A WATER BODY

4.1.1. CHEMICAL

4.1.2. TERRESTRIAL

4.2. NATURAL WATERS

4.2.1. FRESHWATERS

4.2.2. MARINE WATERS

4.3. RISK ASSESSMENT STUDIES

4.4. EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES

4.5. SCIENTIFIC STUDIES

4.6. PHYSICAL PARAMETERS

4.6.1. COLOR AND ODOR

4.6.2. TEMPERATURE

4.6.3. TURBIDITY

4.7. WATER CONTAMINATION

4.8. CHEMICAL PARAMETERS

4.8.1. pH / ALKALINITY

4.8.2. SALINITY

4.8.3. DISSOLVED OXYGEN (DO)

4.8.4. BIOLOGICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (BOD)

4.8.5. SURFACTANTS

4.8.6. OIL, GREAS, AND PHENOLS

4.8.7. NITRATES AND PHOSPHATES

4.8.8. CHLORIDE

4.8.9. COPPER

4.8.10. HEAVY METALS

5. LAND POLLUTION

5.1. SOLID WASTE

5.1.1. MUNICIPAL WASTE

5.1.2. HAZARDOUS WASTE

5.2. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

5.2.1. SEGREGATION

5.2.2. BIODEGRADATION

5.2.3. COMPOSTING

5.3. DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE

5.3.1. INCINERATION

5.3.2. LANDFILL

5.3.3. ENERGY RECOVERY

5.4. THE 3 R's

5.4.1. REDUCE

5.4.2. REUSE

5.4.3. RECYCLE