ENGLISH GRAMMAR

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ENGLISH GRAMMAR by Mind Map: ENGLISH GRAMMAR

1. Relative Clauses They specify a noun or pronoun in the main clause and are necessary if we want to understand the meaning of a sentence

1.1. Who for persons The girl who called you has just arrived.

1.1.1. Which for things This is the book which I wanted

1.1.2. That for persons and things Are you the boy that lives next door?

2. Whose is a possessive pronoun for persons and things It is a story about a boy whose parents got divorced. The river whose bridge is in front of us is called the Cam

2.1. Whom is the object of a verb The man whom I met yesterday ...

3. We can also leave out the pronoun. It is the most usual form. The man I met ...

4. Relative pronouns with prepositions We use the relative pronouns with prepositions as follows.

4.1. The man I got it from ..... The man who/that I got it from ..... The man from whom I got it ..... The last sentence is not very common in spoken English as it is quite formal.

5. INDIRECT QUESTIONS

5.1. He asked when the train was coming

5.1.1. Do you know what time it is?

5.2. Please explain me what you mean

5.2.1. Do you know where I can find John?