ND01:Attlee's Announcement

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ND01:Attlee's Announcement by Mind Map: ND01:Attlee's Announcement

1. ND01: Attlee's Announcement

1.1. On 20 February 1947, British PM Clement Attlee announced that British would quit India no later than 30 June 1948.

1.2. Lord Mountbatten succeeded Lord Wavell on 24 March 1947.

1.3. Muslim League proves its sway on the Muslim population in elections of 1945-46

1.4. Mountbatten was given more powers than his predecessors to settle the matters on the spot so he was quick in decision making

1.5. After several discussions with Indian leaders, Mountbatten decided that the Cabinet Mission Plan had become untenable and formulated an alternative plan.

2. Reasons for the Cabinet Mission’s Arrival

2.1. To smoothen the process of transfer of power and to help the Indian leaders choose their form of government.

2.2. To resolve the agitation against the trail of INA army.

2.3. The Cabinet Mission was also sent to solve the issue that arose out after the elections.

3. Rejection of Pakistan by the Cabinet Mission

3.1. The cabinet mission reached Delhi on March 24th, 1946. The Mission held talks with the leaders of all prominent political parties.

3.2. The cabinet Mission rejected the demand for Pakistan for a number of reasons.

3.3. They wanted regions where the entire population did not constitute of Muslims. In fact, these regions were mostly constituted by Sikhs. Uniting these two areas into one country wouldn’t be a feasible idea.

3.4. The second reason was that the Cabinet Mission did not see any reason to add non-Muslim areas of Punjab, Bengal, and Assam to Pakistan, since the Muslim League wanted a Muslim country,

3.5. The areas in Bengal that the Muslim League demanded were thousands of miles away from the western pakistan

3.6. The Princely States would find it difficult to decide which Union to join.

4. ND02: Plan Balkan

4.1. In May 1947, Mountbatten came up with a plan under which he proposed that the provinces be declared independent successor states and then be allowed to choose whether to join the constituent assembly or not. This plan was called the ‘Dickie Bird Plan’.

4.2. Jawaharlal Nehru vehemently opposed it saying it would lead to Balkanisation of the country. Hence, this plan was also called Plan Balkan.

5. ND03: Mountbatten Plan

5.1. Partition of India

5.2. Clause on Constituent assembly

5.3. Sind, Sylhet District, Punjab and Bengal

5.4. NWFP. Princely States

5.5. Boundary Commission

5.6. Relations between the two Dominions

5.7. Transfer of power before 1948

6. ND04: Reactions to Mountbatten Plan

6.1. Reaction of Muslim League

6.2. Reaction of Congress

6.3. Reason for Early Date