His father, Martin Luther King Senior has also served as a pastor
King Jr. was originally skeptical of many of Christianity's claims
Both his father and grandfather had graduated there
They became the parents of four children; Yolanda King, Martin Luther King III, Dexter Scott King, and Bernice King
The Montgomery Bus Boycott, a seminal episode in the U.S. civil rights movement, was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. The campaign lasted from December 1, 1955, when Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person, to December 20, 1956, when a federal ruling, Browder v. Gayle, took effect, and led to a United States Supreme Court decision that declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses to be unconstitutional. Many important figures in the civil rights movement took part in the boycott, including Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. and Ralph Abernathy. In 1944, athletic star Jackie Robinson took a similar stand in a confrontation with a United States Army officer in Fort Hood, Texas, by refusing to move to the back of a bus. Robinson was brought before a court-martial, which acquitted him. The NAACP had...
Black people had to give up their seats in busses for white people, On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat which subsequently let to organizing a boycott
The Montgomery Bus Boycott, urged and planned by Nixon and led by King, soon followed., The first boycott was the bus boycott which lasted 382 days
During these days of boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, he was subjected to personal abuse, but at the same time he emerged as a Negro leader of the first rank
On December 21, 1956, after the Supreme Court of the United States had declared unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses, Negroes and whites rode the buses as equals.
In 1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement, He took the ideals for this organization he from Christianity, His operational techniques he got from Gandhi
The Albany Movement was a desegregation coalition formed in Albany, Georgia in November 1961. In December, King and the SCLC became involved. The movement mobilized thousands of citizens for a broad-front nonviolent attack on every aspect of segregation within the city and attracted nationwide attention., King returned in July 1962, and was sentenced to forty-five days in jail or a $178 fine. He chose jail.
This was a strategic effort by the SCLC to promote civil rights for African Americans, Its goal was to end the city's segregated civil and discriminatory economic policies. The campaign lasted for more than two months in the spring of 1963, This massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, caught the attention of the entire world
Protests in Birmingham began with a boycott to pressure businesses to offer sales jobs and other employment to people of all races
On the 23rd August 1963 he directed the peaceful march on Washington, D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, "l Have a Dream", King's speech, helped put civil rights at the very top of the liberal political agenda in the United States and facilitated passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
The Selma to Montgomery marches were three marches in 1965 that marked the political and emotional peak of the American civil rights movement., The first march took place on March 7, 1965 — "Bloody Sunday" — when 600 civil rights marchers were attacked by state and local police with billy clubs and tear gas, The second march, the following Tuesday, resulted in 2,500 protesters turning around after crossing the Edmund Pettus Bridge., The third march started March 16. The marchers averaged 10 miles (16 km) a day along
King and others in the civil rights organizations tried to spread the movement to the North, with Chicago as its first destination., King and Ralph Abernathy, both from the middle class, moved into a building at 1550 S. Hamlin Ave., in the slums of North Lawndale on the West Side of Chicago, as an educational experience and to demonstrate their support and empathy for the poor.
Starting in 1965, King began to express doubts about the United States' role in the Vietnam War., The war took money and resources that could have been spent on social welfare services
April 4, 1967 King delivered a speech titled "Beyond Vietnam"
The campaign culminated in a march on Washington, D.C., demanding economic aid to the poorest communities of the United States
He was always appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile he wrote five books as well as numerous articles
Observed for the first time on January 20, 1986
When notified of his selection, he announced that he would turn over the prize money of $54,123 to the furtherance of the civil rights movement.