Autism Spectrum Disorder

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Autism Spectrum Disorder by Mind Map: Autism Spectrum Disorder

1. DSM 5 *describes it as a persistent deficit in social communication across multiple contexts *Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities, as manifested by at least two of the following, currently or by history *Symptoms must be present in the early developmental period *Symptoms cause clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of current functioning *These disturbances are not better explained by intellectual disability

2. Sources: *autismcanada.org *https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3612531/ *https://link.springer.com/

3. CARS Assessment *14 Domains assessing behaviours associated with ASD *15th measuring general impressions *Each question is rated on a scale of 1-4 *Scores range from 15-60 *The higher the numbers the more significant the impairment *Aligns well with DSM-V criteria *Use with caution with younger children (todders) as rating may be higher than reality

4. M-CHAT-R *Stands for Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers - Revised *Is a tool that asks 20 questions *Designed for use for toddlers between 16 and 30 mos of age *Results will determine if further assessment is needed *Filled out by parents

5. ADOS *Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule *A Semi-structured standardized assessment of social interaction, communication, play and imaginative use of materials *Conducted over a series for four - thirty minute modules *Each module is done by a different assessor *Different versions exist for toddlers,children and general *First version was created in 1989