20th Century Medical advancements

20th Century World, medical advancements

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20th Century Medical advancements by Mind Map: 20th Century Medical advancements

1. Korean War

1.1. Jonas Salk

1.1.1. Develops the first Polio vaccine

1.2. Ian Donald

1.2.1. Developed and used Obstetrical sonography, use on pregnant women to check health of fetus

1.3. H-13

1.3.1. Mash fitted air ambulances, helicopters to pull heavily wounded men off the front line to a MASH unit

2. Soviet-Afghan war

2.1. 1989

2.1.1. GeneChip created by the company Zaffaroni in a way to approach to automate drug discovery

2.2. 1987

2.2.1. Tissue engineering by joseph Vacanti and Robert Langer as a way to create substitutes to replace damaged tissues

2.3. 1986

2.3.1. Fluoxetine HCl developed by Eli Lilly another step in improvements of antidepressants

2.4. 1985

2.4.1. Steven Trokel publish his work on using the effectivness of LASIK

2.4.2. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) created by Mullis and Prof. Michael smith for a way to create millions of copies of DNA

2.5. 1981

2.5.1. First Hepatitis B vaccine was approved for the US developed by Maurice Hilleman

2.6. 1979

2.6.1. First use and implementation of Antiviral drugs by inhibiting the virus development

3. Vietnam

3.1. 1974

3.1.1. Giorgio Fischer created the removal of fat with suction and surgery called Liposuction

3.2. 1971

3.2.1. Computed tomography aka CT scan was created by Godfrey Hounsfield

3.3. 1970

3.3.1. Ciclosporin was isolated from fungus and used for organ transplant to allow the new organ to be excepted

3.4. 1965

3.4.1. Portable Defibrillator's were pioneered which allowed for on stop cardiac help for early ambulances

3.5. 1963

3.5.1. John Enders and colleagues created a measles vaccine

3.6. 1960

3.6.1. CPR was developed combining mouth to mouth and chest compressions

3.7. 1958

3.7.1. Earl Bakken produced the first external pacemaker for a patient

3.8. 1955

3.8.1. Tetracycline was patented, use for oral antibiotic

4. First World War

4.1. Thomas Splint

4.1.1. Reduced mortality from fractures from 80% to 20%

4.2. Antiseptics and anesthesia

4.2.1. nitrous oxid was able to put soldier in a state of rest for surgery instead of shock.

4.2.2. sodium hypochlorite a solution which kills dangerous bacteria without burning flesh. Perfect for Gas gangrene

4.3. Volunteer ambulance drivers

4.3.1. Pulling wounded off frontlines to a local hospital off the front lines

5. Inter war

5.1. 1923

5.1.1. Eliot Cutler preforms the first successful heart valve surgery

5.2. 1927

5.2.1. the invention of the iron lung to aid polio patients

5.2.2. William Hinton develops a blood test for detection of syphilis

5.2.3. Vaccine for Tetanus created

5.3. 1928

5.3.1. Alexander Fleming discovery for the worlds first effective antibiotic named Penicillin

5.4. 1933

5.4.1. James gamble introduce the need for electrolytes in extreme supplement loss

6. Second World War

6.1. 1938

6.1.1. The invention of the ECT machine was around. Used to treat mental disorders by sending shocks of electricity onto an individuals head.

6.2. 1945

6.2.1. Formation of M.A.S.H units, Mobile army surgical unit

6.3. 1946

6.3.1. Chemotherapy a new way to fight cancer with usage of intracellular poisons to inhibit mitosis by Alfred G. Gilman and Louis S. Goodman

6.4. Paracetamol

6.4.1. acetaminophen a way to treat moderate/ mild pain and fevers. (aka, Ibuprophen )

7. Modern day

7.1. 2021

7.1.1. Vaccine for COVID-19 released as a brand new type of vaccine, mRNA vaccine

7.2. 2018

7.2.1. Blood tests have developed to test for solid types of tumors flowing through the blood vessel to detect the type of cancer

7.3. 2015

7.3.1. Scientists found that a molecule known as GDF10 is key in repairing the brain following a stroke

7.4. 2013

7.4.1. The first human liver was grown from STEM cells in Japan from Takanori Takebe

7.5. Iraq war

7.5.1. 2011 DNA primer boots antibodies against avian flu (H5N1)

7.5.2. 2009 A HMS genetics team uses a technique called RNA interference to dial down the production of thousands of proteins which can stunt cancer cell growth

7.5.3. 2006 First HPV vaccine was approved HPV is a DNA virus that usually leads to the higher risk of cancer in certain areas Rotavirus vaccine was developed Rotavirus is a double stranded RNA virus caused from diarrhoeal disease

7.5.4. 2004 Modern application of the tourniquet which improved survivability to 98% and reduced nerve paralysis

7.5.5. 2003 Carlo Urbani alerted WHO to the threat of the SARS virus

8. Cold War

9. Future

9.1. Possible vaccine for HIV/AIDS

9.2. As medicine advances there is possibility for newer diseases to arise

9.3. Closer towards the step to end Cancer

9.4. Optimized/upgraded basic medical equipment

9.5. Advanced medical equipment for first responders

9.5.1. Fast identification of patient, as well ID of disease location of effects

9.6. More advanced over counter effective multi use drugs

10. 1990-2002

10.1. 2000

10.1.1. Human Genome project was drafted for the purpose of mapping all genes of the human genome

10.2. 1998

10.2.1. Stem-cell therapy and its use was implemented to prevent diseases and progress growth

10.3. 1996

10.3.1. Dolly the sheep becomes the first animal to be artificially cloned at Roslin Institute

10.4. 1992

10.4.1. First vaccine for hepatitis A became available

11. 1900

11.1. 1901

11.1.1. Karl landsteiner discovers the different human blood types

11.2. 1903

11.2.1. Williem Einthoven creates the first EKG

11.3. 1907

11.3.1. First structured patient record and clinical number created by Henry Plummer

12. As technology advances we see a jump in advanced medical treatments