Amirul's mindmap: Consequences of the Sinhalese-Tamil conflict)

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Amirul's mindmap: Consequences of the Sinhalese-Tamil conflict) by Mind Map: Amirul's mindmap: Consequences of the Sinhalese-Tamil conflict)

1. Fall in number of tourists

1.1. Tourism, on of SL major income earners, was seriously affected by the violence and internal conflict

1.2. Tourists arrivals steadily decreased after the July 1983 riots. the decrease resulted in loss of jobs and a fail in earnings. this in turn affected the economic adversely. There were limited funds to develop amenities and facilities such as transport and housing.

2. Loss of investments from other countries

2.1. Foreign investments are needed if the economy of a country is to grow

2.2. In times of instability, investors from other countries may not have the confidence to invest in the country

2.3. Not all investors are deterred by the conflict in Sri Lanka.

3. Economic : Unemployment

3.1. The Sri Lankan riots in July 1983 led to massive unemployment as thousands of factory workers, the self-employed and plantation workers lost their jobs. A large number of the jobless were Sinhalese who took part in vandalising, looting and burning their places of work. thus, all parties suffered in the conflict.

4. Political : Foreign Intervention

4.1. Resolve conflicts by sending troops to interfere

4.2. The Sinhalese-Tamil conflict attracted the attention of their neighbour, India. Tried to play the role of mediator. sent its foreign minister but failed.

4.3. The dialogue failed as they couldn't come to an agreement.

4.4. 3 June 1987, Indian government sent 20 Indian ships to Jaffna to provide food and petroleum products to the Sri Lankan Tamils. Ships were turned back by navy and Indian Air Force dropped food and medical supplies, violating the Sri Lankan airspace

4.5. October 1987: LTTE failed to surrender their weapons fully, Indian troops took care of them by force

4.6. From October 1987 to December 1988, most of the clashes i n the north and east of Sri Lanka were between the indian peacekeeping force and the LTTE. The force was later withdrawn in March 1990.

5. Political : Armed Conflict

5.1. Made Tamils feel discriminated

5.2. Tried to voice their unhappiness but unsuccessful

5.3. Made demands that the tamils should be treated fairly by the Sri Lankan Government

5.4. 1950s the Federal Party asked that the Tamil areas be recognised as a federation within the country

5.5. 1976, demand still not met. Tamil United Liberation Front emerged. Asked for separate independent state in the north and east of Sri Lanka and named them Tamil Eelam and believed separation will ensure their rights.

5.6. The government rejected the idea of separation.

5.7. LTTE was formed ad resorted to violence to demand and obtain for their rights.

6. Social: Sri Lankan Tamils driven out of their homeland

6.1. Conflict caused large-scale displacement beyond its border.

6.2. in 1983 riots, thousands of Tamils fled to Tamil Nadu in South India.

6.3. In the early 1990s, HSZ were set up by the SLA to keep the LTTE away. HSZ areas in which access is controlled

6.4. The army occupied large parts of the Tamil-dominated areas in the north and east of Sri Lanka