Langue and Parole

langue and parole

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Langue and Parole by Mind Map: Langue and Parole

1. La langue denotes the abstract systematic principles of a language.

2. Langue represents the “work of a collective intelligence”

2.1. Parole, on the other hand, designates individual acts, statements and utterances.

3. Each element in a system should be located in its place on the web of relationships between elements.

4. The elements of the linguistic system are, however, the mental phenomena called signs.

4.1. A sign is comprised of both a mental image (signifier) and an idea (signified).

4.1.1. He distinguishes between meaning and value to get the point across.

4.2. “In language,” Saussure says, “there are only differences without positive terms.”

5. Language can be analysed according to two different poles, or axes, which relate precisely to the difference between parole and langue.

5.1. The system governs all possible relations between signifiers and signifieds.

6. Language is not something the human subject merely uses (as is often asserted), but rather, the human subject is something made possible by language.

6.1. An irreducible division emerges between enunciation and statement corresponding to that between langue and parole.