Affixes - Word Formation

AFIXOS

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Affixes - Word Formation by Mind Map: Affixes - Word Formation

1. PREFIXAL DERIVATION

1.1. AFFIXES ADDED TO THE BEGINNING OF THE WORD

1.1.1. PREFIX + WORD ROOT

1.1.1.1. ANTI-

1.1.1.1.1. OPPOSITE

1.1.1.2. BIO-

1.1.1.2.1. BIOLOGICAL

1.1.1.3. DOWN-

1.1.1.3.1. HIGHEST TO THE LOWER

1.1.1.4. ELECTRO-

1.1.1.4.1. ELETRICITY

1.1.1.5. EX-

1.1.1.5.1. PREVIOUS

1.1.1.6. MEGA-

1.1.1.6.1. LARGE

1.1.1.7. MINI-

1.1.1.7.1. SMALL

1.1.1.8. MULTI-

1.1.1.8.1. MANY

1.1.1.9. OVER-

1.1.1.9.1. EXCESS

1.1.1.10. POST-

1.1.1.10.1. AFTER

1.1.1.11. PSEUDO-

1.1.1.11.1. FALSE

1.1.1.12. RE-

1.1.1.12.1. AGAIN

1.1.1.13. UNDER-

1.1.1.13.1. BELLOW

1.1.1.14. BI-

1.1.1.14.1. DOUBLE

1.1.1.15. DIS-

1.1.1.15.1. DENIAL

1.1.1.16. UP-

1.1.1.16.1. BETTER

1.1.1.17. MID-

1.1.1.17.1. MIDDLE

2. SUFFIXAL

2.1. INFLECTIONAL SUFFIXES

2.1.1. TENSE

2.1.1.1. -ED

2.1.1.1.1. PAST PARTICIPLE

2.1.1.2. -EN

2.1.1.2.1. IRREGULAR PAST PARTICIPLE

2.1.1.3. -ING

2.1.1.3.1. PRESENT CONTINUOUS

2.1.2. PLURAL FORM

2.1.2.1. -S

2.1.2.1.1. ACTORS (ACTOR+S)

2.1.2.1.2. COOKIES (COOKIE+S)

2.1.2.2. -EN (IRREGULAR)

2.1.2.2.1. OXEN (OX+EN)

2.1.3. COMPARATIVE

2.1.3.1. -ER

2.1.3.1.1. LARGER (LARGE+ER)

2.1.3.1.2. HARDER (HARD+ER)

2.1.4. SUPERLATIVE

2.1.4.1. -EST

2.1.4.1.1. THE BIGGEST (THE BIG+EST)

2.2. DERIVATIONAL SUFFIXES

2.2.1. to form NOUNS

2.2.1.1. -SION

2.2.1.1.1. STATE

2.2.1.2. -ITY

2.2.1.2.1. STATE OR CONDITION

2.2.1.3. -OR

2.2.1.3.1. PROFESSION

2.2.2. to form ADJECTIVES

2.2.2.1. -LESS

2.2.2.1.1. WITHOUT SOMETHING

2.2.2.2. -OUS/-IOUS

2.2.2.2.1. QUALITY

2.2.2.3. -FUL

2.2.2.3.1. FULL OF SOMETHING

2.2.3. to form VERBS

2.2.3.1. -EN

2.2.3.1.1. TURN SOMETHING INTO SOMETHING ELSE

2.2.3.2. -IZE/-ISE

2.2.3.2.1. TO CAUSE SOMETHING

2.2.4. to form ADVERBS

2.2.4.1. -LY

2.2.4.1.1. HOW SOMETHING IS BEING DONE

2.2.4.2. -WARD(S)

2.2.4.2.1. DIRECTION

2.2.4.3. -WISE

2.2.4.3.1. RELATION

3. ACRONYMS

3.1. WHAT IS AN ACRONYM?

3.1.1. An acronym substitutes for a series of words, such as a slogan or the name of an organization, for example.

3.1.1.1. Unlike abbreviations, acronyms or acronyms are built with the initials of words and do not have a stipulated rule that indicates how they should be pronounced, which is why there are two basic ways they can be read:

3.1.1.1.1. 1) Like a whole word: : NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)

3.1.1.1.2. 1) Like a whole word: : NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)

3.2. WHEN AND HOW TO USE ACRONYMS?

3.2.1. Occasionally, you will need to explain the acronym used when writing. For this, it is recommended that:

3.2.1.1. If the acronym is more popular, it will be placed first and then the full name or phrase in parentheses. For example:

3.2.1.1.1. We'd like to teach EFL (English as a Foreign Language)

4. COMPOUND

4.1. Word formated by two or more another words

4.1.1. CLOSED COMPOUNDS

4.1.1.1. WORDS written as a single word. Don't have any spaces between two combined words

4.1.1.1.1. Adjective + Noun

4.1.1.1.2. Adverb + Verb

4.1.1.1.3. Adverb + noun

4.1.1.1.4. Noun + Noun

4.1.1.1.5. Noun + Verb

4.1.1.1.6. Verb + Adverb

4.1.1.1.7. t

4.1.2. OPEN COMPOUNDS

4.1.2.1. WORDS written as a separate words. They have space betwewn two combined words.

4.1.2.1.1. Adjective + Noun

4.1.2.1.2. Noun + Noun

4.1.2.1.3. Verb + noun

4.1.2.1.4. Adjective + Verb

4.1.3. HYPHENATED COMPOUNDS

4.1.3.1. WORDS written with a hyphen in between two combined words

4.1.3.1.1. Adjective + verb

4.1.3.1.2. Verb + adverb

4.1.3.1.3. Adjective + noun

4.1.3.1.4. Noun + Noun

4.1.3.1.5. Noun + Adverb

5. Work done by: Cesar Augusto Teixeira Filho Guilherme Guimarães Carlos Lima Luan Felipe Santos Alves Mariana Figueiredo de Oliveira Samuel Mazoni Nogueira

6. Parte guilherme

7. RESEARCH SOURCES: https://querobolsa.com.br/enem/ingles/suffixes https://dictionary.cambridge.org/pt/gramatica/gramatica-britanica/suffixes