6- installing a Physical Network

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6- installing a Physical Network by Mind Map: 6- installing a Physical Network

1. introduction to structured cabling

1.1. * structured cabling = organization for cabling

1.2. * 3 big components:

1.2.1. 1-telecommunications closet \ Equipment Room ( inside it all switches and all centralized stuff) *( patch panele : one end of horizontal runs) *(Patch cable :use as stranded core )

1.2.2. 2-horizontal runs

1.2.3. 3- work Area

1.3. * Standards helpless established structured cabling systems:

1.3.1. 1- TIA standard

2. crimping Cables

2.1. * Making your own cable : (Cable doesn’t have anything on the ends +Arjay forty five crimps+ crimping tool+ a pair of scissors)

3. bunchdown blocks

3.1. punch down : a toot use it to punch down every individual connections in patch panel or in RJ-45

3.2. * patch panel and RJ-45 have Cat ratings

4. MDF, IDF, Dmarc, and the Equipment Room :

4.1. * Equipment Room Number:

4.1.1. 1- Main Distribution Frame ( MDF)

4.1.2. 2- Intermediate Distribution Frame(IDF)

4.2. * Components of Equipment racks “19 inch”:

4.2.1. 1- patch panel -110 punched down

4.2.2. 2- primary Switch

4.2.3. 3-Router

4.2.4. 4- servers

4.3. * “U” is a standard hight for component in a rack

4.4. * D-mark : separate the property of the of the phone or cable companies from your responsibility

4.5. D- mark extension : It is used when the distance is far from D-mark and the Network

5. Testing Cable

5.1. 1- wiremap: test cables in two ends

5.2. 2- “TDR”: Time Domain Reflectometer : test cables long cables

6. Troubleshooting Structured Cabling, pt. 1

6.1. * Loopback plugs test the NIC's ability to send and receive.

6.2. * Loopback plugs effective (but Network+ thinks they are!)

6.3. * Patch cables and wall outlets are the most common part of structured cabling to fail

7. Troubleshooting Structured Cabling, pt. 2

7.1. * Voltage Monitor: Tools to make sure that there a good electricity in Equipment Room

7.2. * Environmental/temperature monitors track and record problems with heat and humidity

7.3. * TDRS : tools to check for breaks on horizontal runs

8. using a toner and probe:

8.1. They're designed to help you find cables when you forget to label and you've got nothing but a big pile

8.2. Fox and hound: registered trademarks of the Triplette corporation. If you bring the device close to the special wire, a sound will appear, and here you know where the cable you show is and the cable is correct.