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香港新論述,新角色 [PES CME Dialogue] by Mind Map: 香港新論述,新角色 [PES CME Dialogue]
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香港新論述,新角色 [PES CME Dialogue]

香港新論述,新角色 Originally presented in PES CME Dialogue In an article posted on the web by Leader To Leader, (No.16, Spring 2000,) Peter Drucker outlined one of his famous observations: “Managing Knowledge Means Managing Oneself”. This was how he began: In a few hundred years, when the history of our time will be written from a long-term perspective, it is likely that the most important event historians will see is not technology, not the Internet, not e-commerce. It is an unprecedented change in the human condition. For the first time -- literally -- substantial and rapidly growing numbers of people have choices. For the first time, they will have to manage themselves. And society is totally unprepared for it. Drucker was amazingly forward-looking. Indeed, momentous disruptive changes—an oft-repeated theme in Drucker’s writings—are already breaking through into our world today, right before our eyes. At other discussion group meetings, I identified the following as massive global changes that have taken place since the turn of the century. Disruptive Changes in the Global Context 2008: the beginning of the 21st Century; Collapse of Market Fundamentalism: The end of Capitalism as we knew it; Civilization's historic crossover into the era of Ubiquitous Knowledge. Massive Global Shifts in terms of Content Link to Think: The rise of the We-Link-therefore-We-Are generation; The phenomenal expansion of the Global Middle Class; Yin Yang (陰陽) as a prevailing way of seeing black and white. I believe these are significant factors that serve well as a backdrop for discussions on the future of marketplace ministry in HK, which I propose may include: 香港新論述:回歸中國社會/回應世界轉變 香港新角色:「一人企業」的支援及培訓   Benny Chin 090425 (updated June 10, 2009)


New role of「一人企業」in the real world: Interview, Reid Hoffman, CEO of LinkedIn [090304

LinkedIn's Hoffman, CEO of LinkedIn, explains how he views World 2.0: LinkedIn improves the life of professionals Everybody is an entrepreneur, owner of one's own small business: capacity to take risk Key to getting out of the economic downturn: Entrepreneurship, network Future and role of social networking Big idea waiting to bet on: Accelerating productivity because of Web 2.0 tools.  Everybody will be on mobile Network of intelligence: Driving force of the force  

Drucker: "知識工作者的新挑戰"



E流企業學習第212講—培訓市場冷熱兩極化下的思索 二月 19, 2009 by goldred E流企業學習第212講—培訓市場冷熱兩極化下的思索 在金融海嘯的衝擊下,培訓市場出現冷熱兩極化的現象,一方面企業大量削減培訓員工的經費,造成企業培訓市場的痿縮,另一方面個人為了強化求職的競爭力,紛紛報名補習班,改善外語或專業能力,使得補習班和網路培訓機構生意興隆。 企業培訓市場受到衝擊,替企業外包訓練業務的管理顧問公司和專為企業服務的講師們,都已感受到寒意。很多企業除了削減培訓經費,嚴格控制外出差旅費,還延遲預定的員工集體培訓計畫,例如英語培訓等。台灣的一些培訓公司和訓練講師,都擔心2009年的生意難做。 許多公司還推遲了數位學習導入計畫,或者暫停數位學習管理平台的維護合約,國外許多報導說,在金融危機下,唯有數位學習產業一枝獨秀,逆勢成長。但在台灣,卻連數位學習也受到不景氣衝擊,廠商們紛紛苦思奇計來突圍。 其實對企業而言,即使不花錢,也有很多數位學習資源可以運用,除了大家最熟悉的數位教材之外,還有很多社會化學習工具值得嘗試,例如Google推出的許多雲端運算服務,像Gmail、行事曆、共用文件等,都可以鼓勵員工學習應用。 HR部門即使缺少經費,仍然可以紅紅火火的推動elearning 2.0,鼓勵員工使用這些社會化學習工具,一方面可提昇員工科技素養,另一方面也點燃文化變革的火種,引導企業進入開放、合作與共享的新學習文化。 很多講師,平日忙於授課,沒有時間好好跟進網路工具的發展,趁著這段空檔,正可以強化自己運用數位學習資源的能力,將自己的教室教學與網路上的支援相結合,帶給學生更好的、更深入、更持久的學習經驗。 另一方面,由於個人培訓需求大量增加,補習市場卻生意旺盛,特別是線上網路培訓課程人氣比較旺。上班族因為公司業務量明顯下降,工作也不再如往常忙碌,再加上擔心會被裁員,因此趁著放無薪假的時候,花工夫強化自己的能力,萬一面臨裁員時,也可以多一項後盾。 在大陸,網路線上培訓專案的價格低廉許多,大約是教室培訓價格的四分之一到二分之一。因此大陸上有些大型跨國企業,把員工的英語培訓改請網路培訓公司執行,而學員完成培訓的比例,仍然達到九成以上。 從事網路英語培訓的新東方公司,其網路課程的銷售量明顯增加,去年(2008)十一月時發現,銷售量比前年同期增長了100%以上。同時,前來諮詢 網路課程的學生也大幅度增長。而培訓財務會計人員的「中華會計網」,也看準商機,以精心設計的網路課程和特價優惠,來吸引上班族報名。 我覺得有一點很有趣,也值得深思,就是很多人都想改善外語能力,卻極少人想到要改善自己的中文能力,不論是讀或寫,我們的中文都有很大的改善空間, 卻很少人補習,大概是覺得自修就可以了,其實多深入了解古文與中國歷史,不但可以拓展自我見識與格局,為未來擔任主管職務,預做準備,還有助於我們陶冶性 情,涵養品德。 個人進修其實有外功與內力兩方面,很多人只知道要強化外功,卻忘了要培養自己的內力,換句話說,培養內力,也就是時時不忘修身,中庸說:「自天子以至於庶人,壹是以修身為本。」,若是捨本逐末,只有能力,沒有品德,終會造成遺憾的!


香港的中產階層 [广州市社会科学院演讲, 吕大乐, 2003

Pig and the Python: The phenomenal expansion of the Global Middle Class

The Pig and the Python: How to Prosper From the Aging Baby Boom by David Cork (with Susan Lightstone) Stoddart Books, Toronto, 1996 This book is about investment strategies focusing on ways to take advantage of the financial implications of the aging of the baby-boomers. The pig of the book's title is the baby boom generation, and the python is the rest of society, which struggles to cope with this enormous bulge as it moves along through the years. While the baby-boomers and the middle class is not exactly the same, the visual image so employed is a convenient way to picture how the rise of the New Global Middle Class will impact the world both finacially and socially.

The New Global Middle Class: Potentially Profitable -- but Also Unpredictable [Wharton 080709

(Excerpt)   A new global middle class is rising up from poverty in emerging economies around the world, providing competition for labor and resources, but also enormous promise for multinationals that tailor products and services to the burgeoning ranks of first-time consumers, according to Wharton faculty and analysts. Coca-Cola's newly appointed chief executive Muhtar Kent sees this market as critical to his company's future and describes the scale of the opportunity as equivalent to adding a city the size of New York to the world every three months. The World Bank estimates that the global middle class is likely to grow from 430 million in 2000 to 1.15 billion in 2030. The bank defines the middle class as earners making between $10 and $20 a day -- adjusted for local prices -- which is roughly the range of average incomes between Brazil ($10) and Italy ($20). A look at the geographic distribution is striking. In 2000, developing countries were home to 56% of the global middle class, but by 2030 that figure is expected to reach 93%. China and India alone will account for two-thirds of the expansion, with China contributing 52% of the increase and India 12%, World Bank research shows.

2 billion new people may join global middle class by 2030: Goldman Sachs [Economic Times 080709

2 billion new people may join global middle class by 2030: Goldman Sachs Sanjeev Sinha ECONOMICTIMES.COM 9 Jul 2008 (Excerpt) The world is in the middle of an unprecedented explosion in the middle class, but the pace is set to pick up significantly further. By 2030, an astonishing two billion new people could join the global middle class, having a significant influence on spending patterns, resource use, and environmental and political pressures. This, in fact, dwarfs even the 19th-century middle class explosion in its global scale. These are the findings of a research report by Jim O'Neill, global chief economist at Goldman Sachs. According to him, global income distribution is getting narrower, not wider. So while there is a lot of focus on widening inequality and the embattled middle class in developed countries, globally the opposite is true. Defining the middle class as those with incomes between $6,000 and $30,000 in PPP terms, the report says the story of the Expanding Middle can be seen in two related ways. The first is the ‘shift in spending power towards middle-income economies’ (and away from the richest countries), to a point where they may dominate global spending for the first time in decades, as the largest population countries enter the middle-income group. By 2050, this middle-income bulge will include six of the N-11 (Egypt, Philippines, Indonesia, Iran, Mexico, Vietnam) and three of the BRICs (China, India, Brazil), and will be responsible for close to 60 per cent of the world’s GDP. The second is the ‘shift in spending power towards middle income people’ and the explosion of a global ‘middle class’ on a scale never seen before. Over the last ten years, the world has already seen unprecedented expansion in this group. But the pace of expansion here is likely to pick up much further still, reaching its peak in about a decade. This group is already growing at an astonishing 70 million per annum, its fastest growth on record. But the acceleration in middle class expansion is far from over, with a peak rate of 90 million likely around 2030 and a large pool of people globally now sitting on the cusp of that transition. As a result, around two billion people could join our definition of the global middle class by 2030, when the process begins to level off. As a result of these two trends, the share of the world’s income and spending that goes to this Expanding Middle is rising and could rise much further. China and India are the most important part of that story, but these dynamics stretch well beyond them. As a result, while rising inequality within countries has been in sharp focus, the ‘global’ story is one in which the distribution of global income has been becoming ‘more’, not ‘less’, equal and is likely to continue to do so. From a global perspective, more people are set to share more of the world’s income than has been true for decades. “So whether one sees the rise of the large emerging economies, and the last decade of global growth and globalization, as a force that is driving greater inequality, depends more on vantage point than current debate often reflects,” says O'Neill.

The new middle classes in emerging markets: Burgeoning bourgeoisie [Economist 090212

For the first time in history more than half the world is middle-class—thanks to rapid growth in emerging countries. John Parker (interviewed here) reports...

Case in point: China auto sales surge for 3 consecutive months [CNN 090409

2008: 廿一世紀的「真正」開始/Coming soon: The 21st Century [WP 081230

這篇在華盛頓郵報刋登的文章,指出布殊政府八年,只是上世紀單邊主義的延續,因此二十一世紀應在奧巴馬上任才開始。完全同意作者的論點,除了他選取的日子。   按他的思路, 其實2008年才是廿一世紀的真正開始....

Gordon Brown @ G20: "Old Washington Consensus is world order is emerging" [090403

The rise of the Rest: China and US in the Post-American World [Fareed Zakaria BBC Intv 080519

    Obama seen here holding a copy of Post-American World by Fareed Zakaria during the 2008 US Presidential Election


家庭 盡責 誠信 公道 克己: 港人(華人共有)的核心價值

重振港人古舊核心價值 周永新   港人的核心價值,現在說得最多的是法治、自由、人權和民主。除以上觀念外,上周我還提到對家庭的重視,當然不是「父慈子孝」那一套,而是港人認為家庭是重要的,家庭利益應凌駕在個人利益之上;因此,為了維護家庭完整,就是作出犧牲也是應該的。我可作見證:不少港人為了照顧年長父母或患有殘疾的子女, 不惜放棄全職工作,降低自己的生活水平,減少出外旅遊或花費,為的是一家人可以快快樂樂地生活。 這樣,除法治等觀念外,港人還有其他核心價值嗎?我想是有的,只是隨時代變遷,一些存在已久的價值觀念漸漸被忘記了──新的一代港人可能覺得這些觀念老土、不合時宜,也可能認為在現今競爭這麼激烈的社會裏,重提這些觀念只會使自己吃虧,也有礙社會進步。   盡責 誠信 公道 克己   不過,正如美國總統奧巴馬在就職演辭中說,有些觀念是歷久常新的,是美國社會發展的基礎;正因美國人忘記這些古舊觀念,不知不覺地轉向貪婪及罔顧他 人利益, 結果造成美國今天一團糟。溫家寶總理在英國劍橋大學演說時,強調金融海嘯涉及道德底線,逾越這些道德底線,社會便會向下沉。今天香港有什麼道德底線是我們 遺忘了?有什麼核心價值是我們往日重視、今天卻忽略了?以至香港社會有如建築在浮沙之上,表面風光卻難掩內裏敗壞。我想這些看似古舊卻有永恒價值的觀念是 有的,其中包括盡責、誠信、公道、克己。 為什麼說盡責、誠信、公道、克己是被遺忘的港人核心價值?我得承認,重提這些觀念,並不因為做過什 麼調查,而是幾十年來隨着香港成長,自己確實感覺到,這些觀念猶如大廈的支柱,支撑着我們的社會,讓港人對自己有信心,對別人有信任。我說這些價值被港人 遺忘,但並非沒有人提出就不存在,盡責、誠信、公道、克己等其實仍影響着我們的行為,是建構香港的基石,也是香港社會運作時不能缺少的元素。所謂被人忘 記,只是港人覺得一些新觀念更重要,古舊的就變成「老土」了。 但我覺得,隨着金融海嘯,舊的觀念重生了,而香港要重新上路,重拾發展的軌迹,就必須返回往日推動香港發展的動力,正如奧巴馬提醒美國人,古舊的價值才是美國發展的基石。   個人權利凌駕一切   先 說盡責。盡一己的責任,看似無人不曉,但放在香港現實環境裏,有多少港人認真地看待自己的責任?我在這欄說過,現今是講求權利的年代:從社會層面看,只要 問題出現,市民問的是政府採取了什麼辦法解決問題?例如,雷曼事件出現,議員的即時反應是政府有否監管不力?政府是否失職?迷債苦主的權利有否得到保障? 從個人層面看,個人權利在今天凌駕一切。例如,申訴專員早前批評社署職員沒有嚴格執行審批,令綜援受助者多次更換眼鏡;申訴專員應明白,現今個人權利大於 一切,更換眼鏡是綜援受助者的權利,眼鏡損壞,受助者即可要求更換,社署職員是不能拒絕的。 如何避免權利過分傾斜,現在是時候多提責任了; 強調責任的重要並不是要否定權利,只望兩者取得平衡。任何社會不能只談權利而不講責任,個人在追求權利之時也必須先盡一己的責任──這是無人不懂的道理。 權利與責任是相輔相成的:只求權利,結果只有爭奪;只重責任,只令人逃避。 至於誠信,涉及個人的操守,是人與人之間交往不能缺少的。香港是商業城市,一切活動必須有憑有據,承諾倚靠的是雙方簽署的法律文件。但法律條文是死的,要合約得到雙方遵守,最終還是在乎背後是否有信任,誠信沒有了,承諾變成謊言。 這欄裏,我多次提到市民對政府缺乏信任,簡單來說,就是不相信政府真誠地為他們的好處施政;政府的誠信一旦出現問題,施政便十分困難。同一道理,為什麼說香港今天的婚姻制度出現問題?原因十分複雜,但簡單來說是夫婦間不再有信任,關係失去了忠誠。 我說公道,為什麼不說公平或公義?公平和公義是今天常用語,但公平和公義的意思今天已等同平等,指的只是事情是否有差異,所以男女入學的機會不均等就是不公平,並不符合公義。我無意貶低公平和公義的作用,但在港人眼裏,公平和公義等同平等機會,再沒有其他意思。 向前走需往後看   為什麼我要提公道?因公道是遠高於平等的情操。以最近電訊盈科私有化為例,整個過程按法律進行,沒有什麼不公平的地方,也符合公義的準則,但這樣私 有化公道嗎?一些長者早年購入香港電話公司的股票,收息養老,現在私有化的做法對他們公道嗎?所以,一切符合法律條文及平等地對待每一位股東,電盈還是有 欠公道。 也就是說,事情違背了一般人認為應有的道德要求。 最後是克己。克己今天少人提了,但換句話說,就是做人不要太過分,對人對事皆應留有餘地。 奧巴馬說金融海嘯所以出現,是部分美國人過分貪婪,不知節制。現代資本主義縱容人的貪念去到極點,而金融泡沫的爆破使人醒覺財富的虛幻,罪魁禍首是人不再 自制,只知道掠奪,使無數平民百姓陷入痛苦和絕望。 我重提盡責、誠信、公道、克己等觀念,絕非否定法治、人權、自由、民主等港人認同的核心價值,而是時代出現了變化,香港要向前走,就得重回往日珍惜的古舊,卻是歷久常新的價值觀念。

借鑒自然:How things in nature tend to sync up [TED 081223

According to mathematician Steven Strogatz, 3 rules will suffice to syncronize: all individuals are only aware of their nearest neighbour all individuals have a tendency to line up all are attracted to each other but keep a short distance apart the 4th rule is to get out of the way when a predator is coming    

HK's exception to the "4th Rule": 港人應付疫症的特殊表現及專業精神

二00三年六月二十六日 行政長官立法會答問大會演辭   .....   本月二十三日香港從世界缳生組織的疫區名單中除名,標誌著香港對抗「沙士」取得了勝利。   那一天是全港市民最難忘的日子。我們一方面為成功對抗「沙士」而感到欣慰,另一方面我們也為在這場戰鬥中不幸犧牲的市民和醫護人員感到哀痛。同時,我們必須時刻保持警戒心理,以應付「沙士」或其他疫症襲擊香港。任何的鬆懈,都有可能導致我們陷入險境。   過去幾個月來,一場從天而降的「沙士」疫症,奪去了不少寶貴的生命,令數以百計的家庭失去了他們最親愛的人;同時,也嚴重打擊了香港的經濟,令經濟雪上加霜。「沙士」疫症所做成的傷痛令人難以忘懷。疫症對我們來說,是一場嚴峻的考驗。我們經受了考驗,向全世界證明香港有能力克服世紀疫症,贏得了世界缳生組織的讚譽。香港展示了作為一個高度現代化國際都會值得引以為傲的特色:政府和社會運作的透明度極高;官民之間在危機時的緊密配合;香港市民理性、自律、 冷靜、守法;醫護人員緊守崗位,體現高度專業精神和承擔;我們的傳媒盡忠職守,發揮了非常積極的作用。公務員隊伍竭盡所能,表現出以民為本的優秀服務精神。疫症襲擊的時候,市民互相關懷,互相幫助,為有需要得到幫助的人送上愛心和支持。這些因素都是香港今次戰勝「沙士」和在日後對抗任何疫病的制勝之道。   經過疫症洗禮後,香港社會是一個更加團結、更有凝聚力的社會。疫後的香港會更有朝氣、更有生命力、更強調精神方面的價值和更重視環境清潔和個人缳生。   .....





Age of Ubiquitous Knowledge: 資訊科技帶來之社會生態轉變

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