History of Visual Communications

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History of Visual Communications by Mind Map: History of Visual Communications

1. Egyptian Hieroglyphics

1.1. 2 greek words - hiero meaning sacred and glyphic meaning engravings

1.2. Rosetta stone was found with 3 different languages on it

1.2.1. New node

1.2.2. Where does the Rosetta Stone reside now? British museum

2. Cave paintings 50,000 years ago

2.1. Beautiful

2.1.1. human hands on them

2.1.2. abstract patterns, large animals

2.2. detailed

2.3. most famous cave: Lascaux

2.3.1. New node

3. The Codex and the Illuminated Manuscript

3.1. What is codex?

3.1.1. a covered and bound collection of handwritten pages.

3.1.2. Christians adopted it for the bible

3.1.3. codex

3.2. advantages of codex over scroll:

3.2.1. compactness, sturdiness and ease of reference.

4. Phonetic Alphabet

4.1. What long term effects did the alphabet have on social structures of other civilizations? first widespread phonetic script, simplicity allowed it to be used in multiple languages , and its easiness allowed common man to learn to write

4.2. Theories on how it began:

4.2.1. 1 : Scholars believed it to be a direct variation of hieroglyphics 2:hypothesized ties with cuneiform or independent creations

5. Cunieforms

5.1. created to keep track of these business transactions

5.2. Sumer civilization created it

5.3. Began as a series of pictograms

5.3.1. What medium was chosen to write on? clay tablets.

6. The Gutenberg Press

6.1. He introduced modern book painting

6.1.1. also introduced oil-based ink

6.1.1.1. How did Gutenberg create his metal type? he used an alloy of lead

6.1.1.1.1. New node

7. History of Photography

7.1. What is a camera obscura? an optical device that projects an image of its surroundings onto a screen

7.1.1. Where did the name “photography” originate from? from the greek words light and writing- sir john hershel

7.1.1.1. Who invented the Calotype process? william fox talbot

8. The Gutenberg Press

8.1. Who introduced modern book printing? Gutenberg

8.1.1. What is a printing press? Ink was rolled over the raised surface of mobable handset letters held within a wooden frame.

8.1.1.1. printing press

8.1.1.1.1. New node

9. The Linotype Machine

9.1. What was Clephane looking for that led to the inventions of the typewriter and the Linotype machine? He wanted to find an easier way to transcribe his notes and legal briefs and produce multiple copies

9.1.1. Who invented the only typewriter that became commercially successful? Christopher Sholes

9.1.1.1. What did the Linotype machine allow operators to do? allowed type to be set mechanically rather than by hand

10. History of Computers

10.1. What is Konrad Zuse credited with inventing? the first freely programmable computer.

10.1.1. What was the first commercial computer? univac

10.1.1.1. What does IBM stand for? international business machines

10.1.1.1.1. New Who invented the computer mouse? douglas engelbart Why did he seek this tool? to make it more user-friendly Why was this tool nicknamed the mouse? because the “tail” that connected it to the computer