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History of Visual Communications by Mind Map: History of Visual Communications
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History of Visual Communications

Cave Paintings 55,000 years ago

common themes: large animals, tracings of human hands, abstract patterns

first form of visual communication

cave painting sites

The Egyptians

Tombs, Great pyramids, temples

Hieroglyphics

Sumerians

Cuneiform

chose sumer region to settle b/c of fertile ground

Things we know

Phonetic Alphabet

theories of origin

one sign represents one spoken sounds

Effects

parts of the letters

was very simple

The Book

Scrolls

Codex

Parchment

Illuminated Manuscripts

The Printing Press

Johannes Gutenberg

hand press in which ink is rolled over the raised surface of movable handset letters held within a wooden frame

Movable Type

Bible: 1st book to be printed

Major Printing Processes

The Linotype Machine

invented by Christopher Sholes

tested by Clephane

name comes from the fact that it produces an entire line of metal type at once

first installed in The New York Tribune

Keyboard Layout

Photography

Camera Obscura

Joseph Niepce created 1st successful photograph

Daguerreotype

Calotype Process

Wet Plate Process

Dry Plate Process

Kodak

James Clerk Maxwell took 1st color photograph

Muybridge paved the way for motion picture photography

zoopraxiscope: a device used to project a series of images in successive phases of motion

Computers

Univac= 1st commercial computer

IBM

Douglas Engelbart invented the mouse

first internet= ARPANET

first memory disk= floppy disk

Apple

Microsoft