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1. Nature

1.1. Knowledge is tentative. Change can occur because

1.1.1. New Evidence

1.1.2. Reinterpretation of old evidence

1.1.3. New theories change the view of the scientist

1.2. Empirically based

1.2.1. used observation of the real world

1.3. Inferential, imaginative and creative

1.3.1. invention New Theories New Models

1.4. Knowledge is subjective influenced by the researcher

1.4.1. Theoretical commitments

1.4.2. Beliefs

1.4.3. Previous knowledge

1.4.4. Training

1.4.5. Experiences

1.4.6. Expectations

1.5. Socially and culturally embedded and may be influenced by

1.5.1. Social Values

1.5.2. Power structures

1.5.3. Politics

1.5.4. Socioeconomic factors

1.5.5. Philosophy

1.5.6. Religion

1.6. Observation and Inference

1.6.1. Observation descriptive statements accessible to the senses viable for easy concensus

1.6.2. Inference require other knowledge Not accesible to the senses

2. Goals

2.1. produce individuals who are capable of understanding and evaluating information.

2.2. produce a sufficient number and diversify of skilled and motivated science-based professionals

2.3. develop scientific literacy

2.4. Prepares individuals to utilize science for improving human lives.

2.5. Teach learners to investigate and generate scientific explanations.

2.6. Provide opportunities for the learners to develop understanding and skills that are necessary to function scientifically and technologically.