Macronutrients

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Macronutrients by Mind Map: Macronutrients

1. Carbohydrates

1.1. sources

1.1.1. Polysaccharides

1.1.1.1. are

1.1.1.1.1. Complex Carbohydrates

1.1.1.2. examples include

1.1.1.2.1. Cereal

1.1.1.2.2. Pasta

1.1.1.2.3. Rice

1.1.1.2.4. Potatoes

1.1.2. Disaccharides

1.1.2.1. are

1.1.2.1.1. Lactose (glucose + galactose)

1.1.2.1.2. Sucrose (glucose + fructose)

1.1.2.1.3. Maltose (glucose + glucose)

1.1.2.2. examples include

1.1.2.2.1. Milk

1.1.2.2.2. Table Sugar

1.1.2.2.3. Beer

1.1.3. Monosaccharides

1.1.3.1. are

1.1.3.1.1. Glucose

1.1.3.1.2. Galactose

1.1.3.1.3. Fructose

1.1.3.2. examples include

1.2. requirements

1.2.1. Minimum: 125-175 grams daily

1.2.2. Average: 200-300 grams daily

1.3. function

1.3.1. body's preferred fuel

1.3.2. reserves energy (glycogen)

2. Lipids

2.1. sources

2.1.1. Steroids

2.1.2. Triglycerides

2.1.2.1. Saturated

2.1.2.1.1. examples include

2.1.2.2. Monounsaturated

2.1.2.2.1. examples include

2.1.2.3. Polyunsaturated

2.1.2.3.1. examples include

2.1.3. Phospholipids

2.2. function

2.2.1. Energy Supply (beta oxidation)

2.2.2. Cell Structure

2.3. requirements

2.3.1. < 30% daily calories

2.3.2. < 10% from saturated fats

3. Proteins

3.1. sources

3.1.1. are

3.1.1.1. Complete

3.1.1.1.1. examples include

3.1.1.2. Incomplete

3.1.1.2.1. examples include

3.2. function

3.2.1. Enzyme Activity

3.2.2. Muscle Movement

3.2.3. Part of Connective Tissue

3.2.4. Clotting Factors

3.2.5. Water Balance

3.3. requirements

3.3.1. most people

3.3.1.1. 0.8 g/kg

3.3.1.2. 10% of daily calories

3.3.2. pregnancy

3.3.2.1. additional 30 g per day

3.3.3. nursing

3.3.3.1. additional 20 g per day