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Organisation & Control of Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Genome by Mind Map: Organisation & Control of Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Genome
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Organisation & Control of Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Genome

Level of Genetic Code

Increase in number of copies of genes

VIA

Transcriptional Level

Change in structure of DNA (packing)

Control elements

Combinatorial control of gene expression

Post-Transcriptional Level

Pre-mRNA --> Mature mRNA

5' 7-methylguanosine cap

3' poly-A-tail (200 A)

Splicing

Editing of mature mRNA

Translational Level

Half-life of RNA

Varying abundance & activity of eIFs

Regulatory proteins

RNA silencing

Post Translational Level

Attachment of functional groups (eg. phosphate)

Structural changes to polypeptide (Eg. preproinsulin)

Protein degradation by ubiquitin in proteasome