INHERITANCE

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
INHERITANCE by Mind Map: INHERITANCE

1. CHROMOSOMES

1.1. DNA (LONG THREADS WITHIN CHROMOSOME THAT CARRIES INSTRUCTIONS REGARDING PROTEIN PRODUCTION)

1.1.1. GENETIC CODE

1.1.1.1. DNA HAS 4 TYPES OF BASE (A, C, T, G); PROTEINS HAVE 20 AMINO ACIDS. A CERTAIN BASE COMBO WILL CREATE A CERTAIN AMINO ACID.

1.1.2. PROTEIN SYNTHESIS

1.1.2.1. HAPPENS IN RIBOSOME (CYTOPLASM). RNA (RIBONUCLEIC ACID) CARRIES INFORMATION FROM DNA TO RIBOSOME.

1.2. TWO TYPES:

1.2.1. HAPLOID (SINGULAR CHROMOSOME SET)

1.2.2. DIPLOID (PAIR OF CHROMOSOME SETS)

2. CELL DIVISION

2.1. MITOSIS: NUCLEAR DIVISION CREATING GENETICALLY IDENTICAL CELLS

2.2. MEIOSIS: NUCLEAR DIVISION CREATING GENETICALLY NONIDENTICAL CELLS

3. STEM CELLS

3.1. DIFFERENTIATION: CELL CHANGES FROM ONE TYPE TO A MORE SPECIALISED TYPE.

3.2. TWO TYPES

3.2.1. EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS: DIFFERENTIATION IS UNLIMITED

3.2.2. ADULT STEM CELLS: DIFFERENTIATION IS LIMITED

4. GENES AND ALLELES

4.1. GENES: PART OF DNA PROTEIN CODING

4.2. ALLELES: SPECIFIC FORM OF A GENE

4.2.1. DOMINATING

4.2.2. CODOMINANCE

4.2.3. RECESSIVE

4.3. GENE BREEDING

4.3.1. PURE: HOMOZYGOUS (EXISTENCE OF TWO IDENTICAL ALLELES)

4.3.2. IMPURE: HETEROZYGOUS (EXISTENCE OF TWO UNIDENTICAL ALLELES)

5. SEX LINEAGE

5.1. X CHROMOSOME: LARGER WITH MORE GENES

5.2. Y CHROMOSOME: SMALLER AND SMALLER

5.3. X AND Y PAIRINGS

5.3.1. NON HOMOLOGOUS: CHROMOSOMES THAT DON'T BELONG AS A PAIR (CELLS REGARDING CELLS ARE FOUND IN NON-HOMOLOGOUS SECTIONS OF X AND Y CHROMOSOMES)

5.3.2. HOMOLOGOUS: CHROMOSOMES WITH IDENTICAL GENE SEQUENCE (E.G. *NOT* X AND Y CHROMOSOMES)

6. GENOTYPE AND PHENOTYPE

6.1. GENOTYPE: GENETIC MAKEUP OF ORGANISM THAT REGARDS ALLELES

6.2. PHENOTYPE: ORGANISM FEATURES